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FNN 111 (49)
Chapter 1

FNN111 Chapter 1: FNN11 WEEK 1 TEXTBOOK NOTES.docx
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Department
Nutrition and Food
Course
FNN 111
Professor
Sharon Wong
Semester
Fall

Description
FNN11WEEK1Chapter1TheRoleofNutritioninOurHealthWHATISNUTRITIONNutritionisthesciencethatstudiesfoodandhowfoodnourishesourbodyandinfluencesourhealthoEncompasseshowweconsumedigestmetabolizeandstorenutrientsandhowthesenutrientsaffectourbodyoInvolvesstudyingfactorsinfluencingoureatingpatternsmakingrecommendationsaboutamountweshouldeatofeachtypeoffoodmaintainingfoodsafetyandaddressingissuesrelatedtoglobalfoodsupplyNutritionthusisthedisciplinethatencompasseseverythingaboutfoodEarlyresearchinnutritionfocusedonmakinglinkbetweennutrientdeficienciesandillnessoIecauseofscurvywhichisvitaminCdeficiencywasdiscoveredinmid1700sThoughvitaminCwasnotidentifieditwasknownthatsomeingredientfoundincitrusfruitscanpreventscurvyAfterWWIIhigherstandardoflivingledtoimprovementinCanadiandietNutritionresearchbeganfocusingonsupportingwellnessandpreventingandtreatingchronicdiseasesChronicdiseasesarediseasesthatcomeonslowlyandcanpersistforyearsoftendespitetreatmentseekstoReflectingourgrowingunderstandingofgeneticsnutrigenomicsuncoverlinksbetweengenesenvironmentanddietHOWDOESNUTRITIONCONTRIBUTETOHEALTHYouarewhatyoueatsubstancesconsumedarebrokendownandreassembledintobraincellsbonesmusclesallyourtissuesandorgansFoodseatenprovideenergytobodytofunctionproperlyNutritionisOneofSeveralFactorsContributingtoHealthHealthisamultidimensionallifelongprocessthatincludesphysicalemotionalsocialoccupationalandspiritualhealthTwoaspectsofphysicalhealthnutritionandphysicalactivityTheyresocloselyrelatedthatyoucanthinkofthemastwosidesofthesamecoinouroverallstateofnutritionisinfluencedbyhowmuchenergyweexpendandlevelofphysicalactivityhasmajorimpactonhowweusenutrientsinourfoodAHealthfulDietCanPreventSomeDiseasesandReduceYourRiskforOthers
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