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PHL 214 (64)
Chapter

PHL214 - CHAPTER 2

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL 214
Professor
Asher Alkoby
Semester
Summer

Description
CHAPTER 2 part 1pages 2436STANDARDIZING ARGUMENTSWhen we standardize an argument we identify its component propositions and consider how they are related to one anotherSTANDARDIZATION We ask two questions to help us recognize argumentsIs an attempt being made to convince us or somethingYesConclusionAre we given reasons to believe it YesPremises In standardizing arguments easier to identify conclusion first usually in first or last sentence of passageExample Singlesex high schools work better than coeducational high schools because adolescents do better when they arent distracted by the presence of the opposite sex Also the developmental needs of adolescent boys and girls are divergent1 In the first method of standardization start by writing the conclusion at the bottom of the pageThe other premises support the conclusion give each of those premises its own line above the conclusion1 Adolescents do better when they arent distracted by the presence of the opposite sex2 The developmental needs of adolescent boys and girls are divergentSinglesex high schools work better than coeducational high schools2 The second method of standardization is a diagram and moves the opposite directions Starts with conclusion on top then premises are written under it with an arrowSinglesex high schools work better than coeducational high schoolsAdolescents do better when they arent The development needs of adolescent boysdistracted by the presence of the opposite sexand girls are divergent SUBARGUMENTS Subarguments are used to support one of the premises of the larger agument They make a stronger argument Main ConclusionMain Premise 1Main Premise 2 subconclusionSubpremise 1 Subpremise 2
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