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Chapter 12

PSY 105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Schizotypal Personality Disorder, American Psychiatric Association, Thyroid


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 105
Professor
Kristin Vickers
Chapter
12

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CHAPTER 12
-Psychological disorders: Disorders reflecting abnormalities of the mind
-thoughts, feelings, emotions, must be persistent, harmful to the person experiencing them, and
uncontrollable
-40% of people will develop some type of psychological disorder during the course of their lives
-Medical Model: conceptualization of psychological disorders as diseases that have symptoms, causes,
and cures
-symptom, syndrome, diagnosis (1st step)
-v}v}ooo]Zl}À}v[u]v
-Statistical deviance Ærare condition, 1/many people, 40% of north americans with struggle with
abnormal psychology
-Cultural devianceÆ if you are not consistent with what is normal with your culture; looks can be
deceiving
-Emotional distress Æ
-DysfunctionÆ their life quality is impaired
INSANITY
-Insanity:a legal term in the United States defined as inability to understand that certain actions are
wrong at the time of a crime (Canadian: ^v}]u]vooÇ}v]o}v}µv}(uvo]}_)
-99.9% of people with psychological disorder is not insane
-Biological criteria that develops psychological disorderÆ 40% belieÀ]]Z}v[(µo
IMPLICATIONS OF MEDICAL MODEL
- weare all vulnerable to psychological disorders, just as we are to biological diseases
- Psychological disorders can in some cases be prevented by intervening on risk factors
- Psychological disorders can be successfully treated
CLASSIFICATION OF MENTAL DISORDERS
-DSM-IV-TR: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, text revision, published
by the American Psychiatric Association
-used for the diagnosis and classification of psychological disorders to give objective,
measurable criteria for diagnosing disorders
-Culturally related disorders are in an appendix
-AxisÆ rating dimension; involve a wide range of factors including medical history, functioning in daily
life
-Axis I: Psychological disorders; e.g. schizophrenia
-Axis II: Personality disorders or mental retardation (life long, persists for entire life); e.g. Schizotypal
personality disorder
-Axis III: General Medical Conditions: e.g. hypothyroidism-too little activity in ones thyroid gland; slows
down metabolism and moody (appears to be like depression), can be treated by given thyroid
hormones. Or diabetes.
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