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Chapter 4

PSY 105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Murder Of Kitty Genovese, Orbitofrontal Cortex, Psychoactive Drug


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 105
Professor
Helene Moore
Chapter
4

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SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
HELPING BEHAVIOUR
Why do we need to help?
Altruism: self-sacrificing behaviour carried out for the benefit of others
oEgoistic helping behaviour - when a person foes something nice for someone
else but there is a positive benefit at point of time or in future
Bystander Effect (apathy): the more people present, the less likely any one person will
attempt to help
owhen there are lot of people around, it is unlikely that someone will help
someone else
owhen we are in a crowd, we tend to think other people will help and take the
initiative
oDiffusion of Responsibility - we are less likely to assist in a large group
because responsibility to help is shared
Bystander Intervention
othey did a study of deception
opeople think they are going in to do a questionnaire
ohow they are going to react if the room their sitting in is attacked with smoke
opeople who were alone, reacted suddenly
opeople in the group, they were just sitting down and waiting for others to react
(they sat for 4 minutes)
THE BYSTANDER EFFECT: WHY DID NO ONE HELP?
case of Kitty Genovese in 1964
38 witnesses to the stabbing and murder that occurred over a 30min time span
these witnesses heard the attack but did nothing about it
no one called the police
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