Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (170,000)
Ryerson (10,000)
PSY (900)
PSY 105 (100)
Chapter 1

PSY 105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Krahn People, Psychology Today, Sport Psychology


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 105
Professor
Jane Heath
Chapter
1

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 42 pages of the document.
1. By definition, what do psychologists study?
2. Mental processes describe the activity of our brains when we are engaged in thinking.
A) True
B) False
3. During psychology's early history, the primary method for exploring internal mental
processes was to observe outward __________.
4. What is one direct method of investigating internal mental processes that has resulted
from technological advances within psychology?
5. Name 2 of the 4 goals discussed in the text that psychologists have in mind when
studying mental processes and behavior.
6. What goal of psychology is associated with the desire to limit or increase behavior?
A) description
B) explanation
C) prediction
D) control
7. The levels of behavioral analysis include the brain, the individual, and the group.
A) True
B) False
8. Psychologists are interested in studying individual level behavior.
A) True
B) False
9. Because psychological research is limited to the study of the brain, very few
psychologists consider group level factors to be important determinants of behavior.
A) True
B) False
10. Describe the three levels of analysis that are apparent in psychological research.
11. Dr. Sandoval is conducting a study of internet trolls. His goal is to explore whether
certain personality traits such as introversion are common to most trolls. This is an
example of a psychological study that is focused on the _______ level of analysis.
A) brain
Page 1

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

B) person
C) group
D) contextual
12. Dr. Krahn is conducting a study of internet trolls. He is interested in investigating the
neurological effects of trolling. He invites his subjects to the laboratory and collects
neuroimaging data which they are trolling. This is an example of a psychological study
that is focused on the _______ level of analysis.
A) brain
B) person
C) group
D) contextual
13. A large group of people with a set of shared beliefs and practices is referred to as a(n)
__________.
14. At what level of behavioral analysis does a psychologist analyze the content of mental
processes including emotions, thoughts, and ideas?
15. Why is behavioral analysis incomplete without an examination of the group?
16. Psychology is defined as:
A) the science of behavior
B) the study of mental processes
C) the study of mental disorders and their treatment
D) the science of behavior and mental processes
17. How has the study of the mind changed across psychology's history?
A) Psychologists have largely abandoned the study of the mind in favor of the
examination of objective behavior.
B) Psychologists have found increasingly direct ways to study the mind.
C) Psychologists have only very recently started to study the mind along with
behavior.
D) To eliminate biases, psychologists have increasingly relied on indirect methods of
studying the mind.
18. Your text lists each of the following as a goal of psychology EXCEPT:
A) description
B) control
Page 2

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

C) analysis
D) explanation
19. Which of the following goals of psychology is CORRECTLY matched with a
description?
A) prediction @ changing how often behavior occurs
B) control @ making careful observations regarding behavior
C) description @ determining the circumstances in which behavior is likely to occur
D) explanation @ identifying the causes of behavior
20. Which of the following goals of psychology is CORRECTLY matched with an
example?
A) description @ A research assistant records the number of aggressive acts children
display during a 15-minute recess period.
B) prediction @ A sports psychologist determines whether increased testosterone
produces increased aggression among student athletes.
C) explanation @ A team of educators develops a program to decrease aggression
among schoolchildren.
D) control @ A researcher assesses whether adults are more likely to feel depressed
when they have experienced recent major losses than when they have not.
21. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding the levels of analysis in
psychology?
A) Each thought or behavior occurs at one of the following levels: the level of the
brain, the level of the person, or the level of the group.
B) The level of the brain is the most important level of analysis in psychology.
C) Thoughts and behaviors are analyzed at the group level by sociologists and
anthropologists, not by psychologists.
D) All thoughts and behaviors occur at all three levels simultaneously.
22. How has psychology's focus on the different levels of analysis changed over the history
of the discipline?
A) Brain-level and group-level analyses are more prevalent in today's psychology
than they were in the past.
B) Group-level analyses are less prevalent in today's psychology than they were in
the past.
C) Individual-level analyses are more prevalent in today's psychology than they were
in the past.
D) Individual-level analyses are more prevalent in today's psychology than they were
in the past, while group-level analyses are less common now.
Page 3
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version