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Chapter Quiz

PSY 105 Chapter Notes - Chapter Quiz: Cognitive Dissonance, Gender Studies, Social Cognition


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 105
Professor
Jane Heath
Chapter
Quiz

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1. Dan felt cheated by the used car salesperson who sold him a 1997 Honda Accord
several years ago. Ever since then, he assumes the worst when it comes to dealing with
salespeople. Which attitude component is this an example of?
A) Affective
B) Behavioral
C) Cognitive
D) Acquisition
2. Social cognition refers to how people perceive and interpret themselves and others in
their social world.
A) True
B) False
3. The component of attitudes that describes how we feel about something is the
__________ component.
4. Describe a situation that would likely result in direct transmission of attitudes.
5. Beyond parental influence, describe 2 factors that may shape the development of
attitudes as children mature?
6. Miriam, a major in gender studies, was in an abusive relationship with Don. She
experienced emotional discomfort because her beliefs about equal rights and respect in
a relationship were contradicted every time she tolerated Don's abusive behavior.
Which of the following best describes the discomfort Miriam experienced?
A) Attitude specificity
B) Cognitive dissonance
C) Associative dissonance
D) All of the above
7. Melanie predicted that the end of the world was coming on May 21, 2011. Obviously
Melanie's prediction did not come true. According to cognitive dissonance theory, how
will Melanie reconcile the fact that there is inconsistency between her thoughts and
actions?
A) She will likely edit her beliefs slightly to accommodate for the failed prediction
and will become even more committed to her original prophecy.
B) She will repress any memory of her original prophecy and deny ever making a
prediction.
C) She will come to realize that her prophecy was irrational, illogical, and incorrect
and will abandon her original beliefs.
D) She will admit that she was prediction was incorrect and conclude that the end of
the world is not coming
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8. Habituation refers to the emotional discomfort we feel when we hold 2 contradictory
beliefs.
A) True
B) False
9. Who proposed the concept of cognitive dissonance?
10. Describe Bem's self-perception theory.
11. In which situation is self-perception theory particularly relevant?
A) When we behave in ways that are slightly out of character
B) When we behave in ways that are strikingly out of character
C) When we behave in ways that are most familiar to us
D) When we behave in ways that are unfamiliar to us
12. Attitudes are not necessarily related to behaviors.
A) True
B) False
13. The more specific an attitude, the __________ likely it is to be accurately predicted.
14. Define attitude strength.
15. Describe the bogus pipeline technique.
16. Mick did not believe himself to be homophobic, but he broke out in hives when a
homosexual individual sat next to him in class. What type of attitude is being described
here?
A) Affective
B) Behavioral
C) Explicit
D) Implicit
17. Implicit attitudes are not predictive of overt acts of racism.
A) True
B) False
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18. Generalized impressions of groups of people based on the social category they occupy
are known as __________.
19. Define prejudice.
20. According to social identity theory, what 3 processes create prejudice?
21. Hichem listened to the Presidential State of The Union address and heard that there is a
need for healthcare reform in the United States. Which element was the source of
persuasion?
A) Healthcare
B) Need for reform
C) President
D) Hichem
22. The central route of persuasion emphasizes the content of the message by using logical
arguments to persuade.
A) True
B) False
23. Asher noted that one candidate was more attractive than another which illustrates his
use of superficial information via the __________ route of persuasion.
24. Mark asked his roommate Will to clean his side of the room as a favor. When Will
refused to do so, Mark made a more moderate request by asking Will to feed his pet
dog over the weekend. What persuasion technique was used in this example?
25. Describe an example of the foot-in-the-door persuasion technique.
26. A relatively stable and enduring evaluation of things and people is
A) an attitude.
B) a social cognition.
C) a schema.
D) an opinion
27. Which of the following is NOT one of the components of an attitude?
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