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Chapter Quiz

PSY 105 Chapter Notes - Chapter Quiz: Web Portal, Habituation, Behaviorism


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 105
Professor
Jane Heath
Chapter
Quiz

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1. Which of the following can be classified as learning?
A) Development of neural connections in the brain
B) Using crutches while your broken leg heals
C) Writing with your left hand while the right hand is injured
D) Acquisition of reading skills
2. Behavioral scientists study learning by measuring changes in behavioral responses.
A) True
B) False
3. Data from learning studies allow us to gain insight into changes in performance over
time. This data can be depicted on a graph as a learning __________.
4. What does the data in a learning curve illustrate?
5. Differentiate between associative and non-associative learning.
6. The first time Scarlett purchased a coffee from the local coffee shop, she noticed the
warning, /Caution! Beverage is hot!/ Now, after three years of regularly stopping by
that coffee shop for coffee, she no longer notices the warning message. What has
occurred?
A) Sensitization
B) Habituation
C) Associative learning
D) Non-associative learning
7. Habituation refers to an increased response to a stimulus after it has been encountered
repeatedly over time.
A) True
B) False
8. Kaitlyn has just finished watching a scary horror movie about a stalker. This fear-
arousing experience will likely _______.
A) increase her sensitivity to the faint background noises around the house that were
associated with the movie
B) increase her ability to relax and fall asleep
C) have little impact on her sensitivity to her surroundings
D) be forgotten soon
9. Sensitization involves an increase in response to the presentation of a single cue.
A) True
B) False
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10. Sensory habituation occurs outside of our awareness.
A) True
B) False
11. Provide examples from your own life that illustrate an instance of habituation and
sensitization.
12. What creature have scientists intensively studied to learn about non-associative
learning?
A) Dogs
B) Cats
C) Slugs
D) Mice
13. Having a brain and spinal cord is not necessary for non-associative learning to occur.
A) True
B) False
14. The vast majority of learning that occurs in complex organisms is __________
learning.
15. Name two major types of associative conditioning?
16. Describe the research methodology that scientists have used to study non-associative
learning in sea slugs.
17. Psychologists use the term _______ to refer to a lasting change in behavior resulting
from experience.
A) development
B) maturation
C) cognition
D) learning
18. Why are learning and memory treated separately in most introductory textbooks in
psychology?
A) Psychologists have traditionally used animal subjects in studies of learning, but
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human participants in studies of memory.
B) Learning and memory involve different brain mechanisms.
C) Learning and memory are less related than they might seem.
D) Psychologists have used experimental methods to investigate memory, but
correlational research to examine memory.
19. A search engine company is considering two designs for its new web portal. Users'
success in navigating each design is plotted as a function of time. What is the resulting
graph called? The company concludes that Design B is easier to navigate than Design
A. Which feature of the graph would support this conclusion?
A) The graph is called a practice function. The company's conclusion would be
supported if the slope of the line relating success to time were steeper for Design
A than for Design B.
B) The graph is called a practice function. The company's conclusion would be
supported if the slope of the line relating success to time were steeper for Design
B than for Design A.
C) The graph is called a learning curve. The company's conclusion would be
supported if the slope of the line relating success to time were steeper for Design
A than for Design B.
D) The graph is called a learning curve. The company's conclusion would be
supported if the slope of the line relating success to time were steeper for Design
B than for Design A.
20. How does associative learning differ from non-associative learning?
A) Associative learning is studied experimentally. Non-associative learning is studied
using non-experimental methods.
B) Associative learning applies to humans. Non-associative learning applies to other
animals.
C) Associative learning is based on connecting two or more stimuli. Non-associative
learning is not based on such connections.
D) Non-associative learning involves memory. Associative learning does not require
memory.
21. Which of the following statements best expresses the relationship among the terms
associative learning, non-associative learning, habituation, and sensitization?
A) Habituation is a type of non-associative learning, whereas sensitization is a type of
associative learning.
B) Habituation and sensitization are types of associative learning.
C) Associative learning, non-associative learning, habituation, and sensitization are
four different types of learning.
D) Habituation and sensitization are types of non-associative learning.
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