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Chapter Quiz

PSY 105 Chapter Notes - Chapter Quiz: Connectionism, Sensory Memory, Long-Term Memory

Course Code
PSY 105
Jane Heath

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1. Which of the following memory processes is associated with retaining memories for
future use?
A) encoding
B) storage
C) retrieval
D) invigoration
E) plastification
2. Memory is the faculty for recalling past events and past learning.
A) True
B) False
3. According to the information processing model of memory, ________is the first stage
in which an image is retained by the brain for less than 1 second.
4. How can information be retained in working memory?
5. Using the computer metaphor described in the text, identify the component that is
analogous to the hard drive and its characteristics.
6. What type of memory storage is described as temporary memory that will be lost if it is
not repeated before being passed on to long term memory?
A) sensory
B) temporal
C) working
D) episodic
E) none of these
7. Only a limited amount of information can be stored in working memory.
A) True
B) False
8. Sensory, working, and long term memory are often referred to as memory _________.
9. What is another name for the parallel distributed processing model of memory?
10. How is the connectionist model of memory different from the information-processing
11. Amelia remarks that she needs to learn her text's section on the structures of the brain
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for an upcoming test. Brian responds that he couldn't remember the function of the
hippocampus on a test the preceding day. With respect to the three activities of memory
described in your text, Amelia is making reference to _________. Brian is referring to
A) encoding; storage
B) retrieval; encoding
C) retrieval; storage
D) encoding; retrieval
12. Which of the following sequences best reflects the order of stages in the three-stage
memory model, from first to last?
A) sensory memory working memory long-term memory
B) working memory sensory memory long-term memory
C) sensory memory long-term memory working memory
D) working memory long-term memory sensory memory
13. Information may last for _______ seconds in sensory memory. The capacity of sensory
memory is _______.
A) a few; small
B) a few; large
C) about 30; small
D) about 30; large
14. Clarice presses <Ctrl-S> on her keyboard to save a document she has been editing. A
file is then created on her computer's hard drive. Clarice's action of pressing <Ctrl-S>
is most nearly analogous to the memory activity of _________. The computer's hard
drive is similar to _________ memory in the three-stage memory model.
A) storage; long-term
B) storage; working
C) encoding; long-term
D) encoding; working
15. Which of the following is the MOST accurate description of the relationship between
the information processing and connectionist models of memory?
A) They are different models.
B) They are identical models.
C) They are similar models.
D) They model different aspects of memory.
16. For encoding to occur, individuals need to focus on environmental stimuli. This =focus=
refers to what cognitive process?
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A) attention
B) storage
C) retrieval
D) invigoration
E) plastification
17. Automatic processing refers to the process by which we attend to environmental
information with little or no conscious effort or thought.
A) True
B) False
18. You attend a party where you meet someone new. You think this person is cute so you
employ_____ processing by applying careful attention when he/she tells you his/her
19. What types of information might be encoded with little or no conscious effort via
automatic processing?
20. Explain why performing another task while engaging in effortful processing will likely
disrupt encoding whereas encoding of information during automatic processing is less
likely to be affected? Provide an example.
21. On the Fourth of July, Colin =wrote= his name in the air, and for a few hundred
milliseconds he could see his name. This example illustrates the brief visual storehouse
associated with what memory store?
A) long term
B) declarative
C) working
D) procedural
E) sensory
22. Sperling provided important insights into how working memory operates.
A) True
B) False
23. ______ or consciously repeating information increases the likelihood of information
being encoded into working memory
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