PSY 105 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Long-Term Memory, Semantic Memory, Episodic Memory

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Memory is the faculty for recalling past events and past learning. Encoding is geing informaion into memory in the irst place. Storage is recapturing memories when we need them. The informaion-processing model is the view of memory suggesing that informaion moves among three memory stores during encoding, storage, and retrieval. Your lack of recall may be because the informaion was never encoded, or entered into your memory. The encoding process that allowed you to learn this basic route is called automaic processing. Eforful processing is when a person learns new informaion, encoding of informaion through careful atenion and conscious efort. Encoding informaion into working memory: transferring from sensory memory into working memory. Sensory memory: memory involving detailed, brief sensory image or sound retained for a brief period of ime. Working memory: a short-term memory store that can hold ive to nine items at once. Rehearsal: conscious repeiion of informaion in an atempt to make sure the informaion is encoded.

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