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Chapter 9

PSY 202 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Heritability, Flynn Effect, Lewis Terman

Course Code
PSY 202
William Huggon

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Chapter 9:
Intelligence Test- Diagnostic tool designed to measure overall thinking
Abstract Thinking- Capacity to understand hypothetical concepts
(general intelligence)- hypothetical factor that accounts for overall
di!erences in intellect among people
(speci"c abilities)- Particular ability level in a narrow domain
Fluid Intelligence- Capacity to learn new wats f solving problems
Crystalized Intelligence- Accumulated knowledge of the world acquired
over time
Multiple Intelligences- Idea that people vary in their ability levels
across di!erent domains of intellectual skill
Triarchic Model- Model of intelligence proposed by Robert Stemberg
positing three distinct types of intelligence: analytical, practical, and
Stanford-Binet IQ Test- Intelligence test based on the measure
developed by Binet and Simon, adapted by Lewis Terman of Stanford
Intelligence Quotient- Systematic means of quantifying di!erences
among people in their intelligence
Mental Age- Age corresponding to the average individuals performance
on an intelligence test
Deviation IQ- Expression of a person’s IQ relative to his or her same-
aged peers
Eugenics- Movement in the early twentieth century to improve a
population’s genetic stock by encouraging those with good genes to
reproduce, discouraging those with bad genes from reproducing, or
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)- Most widely used intelligence
rest for adults today, consisting of 15 subtests to assess di!erent types
of mental abilities
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