Textbook Notes for Dana Williams

RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Metacognition, Critical Thinking, The Need

OC8249022 Page
26 Apr 2016
24
In the information age, when multitasking, it puts us on a system overload we do each task worse when doing them simultaneously than doing one of them
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RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Classical Conditioning, Implicit Memory, Change Blindness

OC8249022 Page
26 Apr 2016
20
Thinking: the manipulation/alteration of an internal representation. Thinking skills are tied to the ability to remember. Recent disaster distorts peop
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RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Fallacy, Central Tendency, Sampling Bias

OC9325991 Page
22 Apr 2016
6
0. 5 to the power of 5 = 3% 15a 5b 6c 4d 5e 5f 3g 6h 7i 4j 7k 8l. The probability of an event happening over many trials. Ex. the probability of having
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RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Mnemonic, Confirmation Bias, Cognitive Psychology

OC8249023 Page
26 Apr 2016
14
We tend to fill in missing information in memory with information that. Fits with our belief system or was acquired after the event occurred. Memory is
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RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Lateral Thinking, Blood Bank, Bionics

OC2275654 Page
11 Dec 2013
24
When you produce an outcome or a product that is both unusual and appropriate. Defined by 2 aspects of its consequence (novelty and quality) and not th
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RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Sensemaking, Random Search, Functional Fixedness

OC8249026 Page
28 Feb 2016
13
A problem: problems are defined as states where there is a gap or barrier between where the problem-solver is and where she/he wants to be. Decision-ma
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RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Affective Forecasting, Central Tendency, Sampling Bias

OC8249025 Page
28 Feb 2016
12
Other than death and taxes, nothing in life is certain. It is the number of ways a particular outcome (a success or the outcome in which you are intere
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RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Confounding, Statistical Hypothesis Testing, Sample Size Determination

OC8249024 Page
28 Feb 2016
15
Hypothesis: a belief about a relationship between two or more variables. Hypothesis testing: the scientific method of collecting observations to confir
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RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Counterargument, Confirmation Bias

OC8249022 Page
28 Feb 2016
17
Argument: consists of one or more statements that are used to provide support for a conclusion. Reason: the bases for believing that a conclusion is tr
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RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Deductive Reasoning, Inductive Reasoning, Confirmation Bias

OC8249023 Page
26 Apr 2016
22
Reasoning: using our knowledge about one or more related statements that we can reasonably believe are true to determine if another statement (the conc
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RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Irving Janis, Pollyanna Principle, Groupthink

OC9325991 Page
22 Apr 2016
12
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RYERSONPSY 308Dana WilliamsFall

PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Creativity, Miracle Drug, Problem Solving

OC9325991 Page
22 Apr 2016
13
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