PSY 308 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Long-Term Memory, Semantic Memory, Sensory Memory

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Learning and memory are not observable behaviours. They must be inferred from the activity of recall such as writing the correct answer on a test. Information is stored in long-term memory in associative networks, which are spider-like organizations of information in which closely related topics are located near each other, and those that bear little relationship to each other are further away. Objects, emotions, and actions that frequently occur together become linked in memory so that when we retrieve info, one concept reminds us of another, and that reminds us of another, and so on. Results from first trial indicated sensory memory can hold 3-4 items. Results from second trial also showed 3-4 items can be held in sensory memory. Sensory memory is photographic but decays quickly, after 500ms. You need to pay attention for information from sensory memory to be transferred to short term memory.

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