Textbook Notes (369,072)
Canada (162,366)
Psychology (860)
PSY 105 (152)
Chapter 7

Week 7 Chapter 7

6 Pages

Course Code
PSY 105
Tsasha Awong

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Chapter 7 What is Language? A system for communicating with others using signals that convey meaning and are combined using the rules of grammar. Comprised of phonemes forming morphemes, which form words that are organized into phrases & sentences by grammar. Language Organization : Phonemes : The smallest unit of sound that is recognizable as speech rather than as random noise. (15 to 85 depending on language; English 40, French 37;) k-at (cat), f-u-d (food) Some languages do not have certain sounds, which is why they are difficult to learn in a new language. e.g. th in English vs. French, r in English vs. Japanese Morphemes : The smallest meaningful units of language. e.g., cat, fly, fly-ing (2 morphemes) Grammar: A set of rules that specifies how units of language are organized Morphology: how words are formed Syntax: how words are combined into sentences such as order of words- subject, verb, complement Surface structure vs. deep structure John hit Bill. vs. Bill was hit by John. John thinks he passed the exam. vs. He thinks John passed the exam. Language: Innate or Learned? Language learning is doubtless the greatest intellectual feat anyone of us is ever required to perform. Bloomfield, 1933 Noam Chomsky: Innate mechanisms to learn language (nativist theory) Language acquisition device: We have process to faciliatate language www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.