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PSY 335 (15)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2- Contemporary clinical psychology.docx

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PSY 335
Oren A Amitay

Chapter 2
 - table/chart ....there's a survey in USA/Canada asking what clinical psychologists do
 - what does the text say about medication and psychologists (box 2.1...no other boxes)
 - what does text say about research evidence to guide your actions as a psychologist; read whole section carefully
 - famous names in psychology (around pg. 68-70)...what do they say about research/science when it comes to therapy
 - p. 71- 72 you need to know the 4 ethical principles
 ........11 questions for ch. 1&2 in total Chapter 2: 
 Contemporary Clinical Psychology
 Activities of Clinical Psychologists Large numbers of clinical psychologists conduct research and provide services in mental health and even outside of that. Clinical psychologists do a variety of activities including: providing psychological assessment providing psychological intervention conducting research providing clinical training consulting with other professionals and agencies Clinical psychologists work with: Individuals, couples, families, groups and organizations, all across the life span Clinical Psychologist chart 2.1 shows: Assessment & Diagnosis 64% Psychotherapy 80% Consultation 47% Research 51% Teaching 49% Supervision 50% Administration 53% Activities of Assessment & Diagnosis in Clinical Psychology Assessment is very common and comes in many forms Evaluating the functioning of an individual client Evaluating a family or social unit of some sort Diagnosis Formal standardized testing (cognitive, behavioral or personality) The precise nature of assessment activities depends on the purpose of the assessment. A diagnosis is part of an assessment. Having established a diagnosis, the psychologist can be more prepared on how to help the client and what approach to take in treatments. Assessment in psychotherapy INVOLVES: Planning Monitoring Evaluating VIEWPONT BOX 2.1: Advocates of prescription privileges for psychologists argue that given strong evidence of brain–behavior links, a biological approach to the treatment of psychological disorders is not incompatible with psychological training; they also note that psychologists can be at least as competent as other health care professionals in prescribing medication for psychological disorders. Physicians have strongly opposed the extension of prescription privileges to psychologists, citing the importance of full medical training to prepare the practitioner to understand the impact of psychoactive medication on other physical systems. To date, two states, New Mexico and Louisiana, and the territory of Guam have legislation granting prescriptive authority to psychologists who have received appropriate training. All psychologists with prescriptive authority are required to maintain a collaborative relationship with the patient’s primary care physician. Activities of Intervention in Clinical Psychology Intervention is offered by the majority of clinical psychologists. Canadian clinical psychologists are mainly involved in individual therapy Psychotherapy: talk therapy Most people attend fewer than 10 sessions regardless of problem Different approaches (psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, experiential, etc) focus on different issues, (although most challenge thoughts and validate emotions) Most popular theoretical orientations in Canada is cognitive behavioural (84%) followed by an interpersonal approach (28%) and a psychodynamic approach (24%) OR a lot of psychologists use the eclectic approach – using more than one theoretical orientation with their clients. Most common techniques used by clinical psychologists were to identify or challenge thoughts to feelings, gather information and guide the client Activities of Prevention in Clinical Psychology Prevention is less common but growing because its new Primary prevention: prevention of a disease before it occurs Secondary prevention: reducing the recurrence of a disease Tertiary prevention: reducing the overall disability that results from a disease Prevention usually based in community settings Psychologist usually has several roles in prevention Developing programs Implementing programs Evaluating outcomes of programs Additional Activities of Clinical Psychologists Consultation Clinical consultation: offering advice and information for others treatment professionals Organizational (or community) consultation: evaluating a service, or providing an opinion on how an organization is doing – focused on developing prevention or intervention program Usuall
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