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PSY 402 (75)
Chapter 1

Adult Development chapter 1 textbook notes
Adult Development chapter 1 textbook notes

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Ryerson University
PSY 402
Tara M Burke

Adult Development- Chapter 1 Four Principles ofAdult Development andAging… 1. Changes are continuous over the Life Span o Individuals remain the “same” even though they change 2. Only the survivors grow old o Aging individuals are increasingly self-selected o 5 ways to shorten your life… 1. Being overweight 2. Drinking and driving 3. Eating inadequate fruits and vegetables 4. Being physically inactive 5. Smoking 3. individuality matters o People vary within and between age groups o Inter-individual differences: principle that people become more different from each other with age o Intra- individual differences: describe differences within an individual 4. “normal aging” is different from disease o intrinsic aging processes are different than those associated with illness o Normal or PrimaryAging: Set of changes built into the hard wiring of the organism which progress at different rates among individuals, but nevertheless are universal (skin wrinkles) o Impaired or Secondary aging: abnormal set of changes affecting a segment rather than the entirety of the older population (cancer) o Optimal aging: the way the aging process us clowed/ altered because the individual has used strategies to avoid negative changes that would otherwise occur with normal or impaired aging (i.e staying out of the sun to prevent wrinkles and cancer) Using Age to Define “adult” ­ The first three or four years of adulthood represent the period of “emerging adulthood”, or the transition prior to assuming the full responsibilities associated with adulthood Divisions byAge of the Over-65 population… ­ 65 is the age of “entry point” for old age ­ Young-old: (65-74) ­ Old-Old: (75-84) ­ Oldest old: (85+) ­ Centenarians: those over the age of 100 ­ FunctionalAge: system of classifying individuals based on their abilities rather than on chronological age ­ BiologicalAge: quality of an individuals bodily systems, standards of performance ­ Psychological age: The quality of an individuals functioning on psych
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