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PSY 402 (75)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Studying Adult Development and Aging

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 402
Professor
Sohail Rashid
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 1 Studying Adult Development and AgingSeptember15101121 PMPsych ReviewPsychology scientific study of mind and behaviorSome perspectives in psychology more scientific than others ie psychoanalysis5 Different PerspectivesBiological focuses more on brain biological processes1Cognitive encoding storage retrieval2Behaviorist fused with cognitive naturenurture3Psychodynamic Freud Eriksons 8 stages4Trust vs mistrustiAutonomy vs shamedoubtiiFocus of child psychInitiative vs guilt Focus in Child PsychiiiIndustry vs inferiorityivIdentity vs confusionvFocus of adult psychIntimacy vs isolationviGenerativity vs stagnation Focus in Adult PsychviiEgo identity vs despairviiiSociocultural include interpersonal societal cultural and ethnic factors that affect development 5Studying Adult Development and AgingExamine fundamental issues re adult development and aging such as who older people are the forces that shape them and current developmental controversiesConsider ways in which gerontologists study adult development and agingPerspectives on Adult Development and AgingThe study of gerontology has flourished the study of aging from maturity to old ageThere are many myths and stereotypes about aging called ageism a form of discrimination against older adults based on their ageDevelopment across adulthood brings growth and opportunities as well as loss and declineLifeSpan Perspective helps place adult development and aging into the context of the whole human experienceThere are fundamental developmental forces controversies and models that form the foundation for studying adult development and agingParticularly biological psychological sociocultural and lifecycle forcesLifeSpan PerspectiveWe cannot understand adultsexperiences without appreciating what came before in childhood and adolescencePlacing adults in the context of their own life past and presentThe LifeSpan Perspective divides human development into two phases an early phase childhoodadolescence and a later phase young adulthood middle age and old ageEarly phase rapid agerelated increases in peoples size and abilitiesLate phase changes in size are slow but abilities continue to develop as people continue adapting to their environmentBaltes the Piaget of aging one of the most important perspectives on lifespan development Identified 4 key features of the lifespan perspectiveMultidirectionality development involves both growth and decline as people grow in one area 1they may lose in another and at different rates ie memory declines vocabulary increasesPlasticityones capacity is not predetermined or set in stone There is potential for improvement 2and learning but there are limitsHistorical Contexteach person develops within a set of circumstances determined by historical 3time and culture they were raised inMultiple Causationhow we develop results from a wide variety of forces biological 4psychological sociocultural and lifecycle forcesLifespan perspective emphasizes that human development takes a lifespan to complete The Diversity of Older Adults Psychology Page 1
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