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Chapter 10

Chapter 10 - Personality

4 Pages

Course Code
PSY 402
Sohail Rashid

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Chapter 10 PersonalitySeptember2310410 PMPersonality from Greek word persona meaning maskBiological perspective personality is composed of traits which people are born with and remain stable and consistent Psychodynamic personality is dynamic can change largely unconsciousCognitive personality determined by the way one thinks about himselfSociocultural personality does not exist people are different because of their experiencesBiological trait approach traits are stableTraits cluster together many words can be used to describe traits clustered together into synonymous groupsType broader theory that consists of traits ex horoscopesSome theorists believed that one was born into specific body types that determined your traits These can turn into stereotypesKretschmer divided personality into three main body types asthenic thin small weak athletic muscular largeboned and pyknic stocky fatSheldon ectomorphic mesomorphic endomorphic Believed that even though body shape changes personality does notExample A pyknic person may lose weight on a diet but their personality will remain the same They also have a tendency to return to that body typeHans Eysenckcreated Eysencks model of personalityPersonality dimensions introversion extraversion and stability spread out on a 2D space to describe individual differences in behaviour Idea inspired by JungUnstableExcitableMoodyImpulsiveAnxiousTouchyRigidActiveQuietUnsociableExtraversionIntroversionPassiveCarefulSociableReliableOutgoingCalmTalkativeEventemperedStableEasygoingStressed this as a biological theoryThe neurons in the brains of extroverts do not fire enough they need stimulation and seek out stimulating activities loud crowds parties etcNeurons in the brains of introverts fire too much they have enough stimulation seek out quiet activities reading small groups of friends solitary activities etcThe Five Factor Model consists of five independent dimensions of personality Openness Conscientiousness Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism Each dimension is made up of six aspects that reflect the main characteristics associated with itNeuroticism aka Emotional Stability Six facets are anxiety hostility selfconsciousness depression impulsiveness and vulnerability Anxiety and hostility give way to angerFrequency and intensity these emotions are felt vary from one person to anotherAssesses adjustment vs emotional instabilityExtroversionPsychology Page 1
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