Textbook Notes (369,205)
Canada (162,462)
Psychology (860)
PSY 402 (75)
Chapter 11

Chapter 11 - Relationships

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 402
Professor
Sohail Rashid

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Chapter 11 RelationshipsOctober1410927 AMRelationship Types and IssuesDevelopmental Aspects of FriendshipsPeople tend to have more friends and acquaintances during young adulthood than any other periodFriendships are important throughout lifeOlder adults life satisfaction is largely unrelated to the quantity or quality of contact with younger people but strongly related to the quantityquality of contact with friendsFriends are important because some older adults believe they are a burden to their familyOlder adults have fewer relationships with people compared to youngmiddle aged adultsContrary to popular belief that the decline in social life is due to loss etc the socioemotional selectivity theory states that social contact is motivated by a variety of goals including information seeking self concept and emotional regulationOlder adults seek emotional regulation so they tend to be more selectiveStudies show that those who cope well with aging have a rich social network that allows relationship choiceGender Differences in FriendshipsMens and womens relationships tend to differ in adulthoodWomen tend to base their friendships on intimate and emotional sharingand use friendship as a means to confide in othersMen tend to base friendships on shared activities or interests Competition is part of mens friendshipsWomen tend to have more close relationships than menHowever women are not necessarily more satisfied because friends make demands and require attentionSibling RelationshipsFor many adults relationships with siblings are the most common and enduring relationships they will ever haveDimensions include closeness involvement with each other frequency of contact envy and resentmentGold et al Types of sibling relationshipsCongenialhigh levels of closeness high levels of contact and low levels of envy and resentmentLoyalaverage levels closeness average levels of contact and low levels of envy and resentment about 23 of older adult sibling pairsIntimatehigh levels of closeness and low levels of envy and resentmentApatheticlow levels of all dimensionsHostileHigh levels of involvement and resentmentThe frequency of these five types of sibling relationships differTies between sisters are typically strongest and most commonLove RelationshipsSternberg conducted a series of detailed studies on peoples conceptions of love and how it is manifested in different waysBased on his research Sternberg developed a theory of love based on three components passion intimacy and commitmentIdeally a true love relationship has all three although the balance shifts as time passesTop of TriangleIntimacylikingsharing interests emotional aspectsThis component on its own is considered friendship Psychology Page 1
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