QMS 202 Chapter Notes -Null Hypothesis, Test Statistic, Standardized Test

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Question#1
The training director of a manufacturing company wants to compare three
different team-based approaches. Each member of a group of 29 new employees
is randomly assigned to one of three team-based methods. After completing
training, the employees in the study are evaluated on the time it takes (in
minutes) to assemble the product. The results are shown in the following table.
Methods
Time To Assemble Product
A
8.57, 8.50 , 9.11 , 8.20 , 8.32 , 7.88 , 9.90 , 9.43 , 8.75
B
7.98 , 8.40 , 8.84 , 7.75 , 8.20 , 7.95 , 8.21 , 6.65 , 7.44 , 8.33
C
8.70 , 8.82, 9.26, 8.96 , 8.65 , 8.30, 9.46 , 9.43 , 9.26 , 9.02
At the 0.05 level of significance, is there evidence of a significant difference in the
average assembly time among the team-based methods?
a. What type of parameter(s) is being tested here? (Circle one)
ˆ
x
ˆ
s
s
ˆ
ˆ
p
p
ˆ
t
z
2
b. Define the parameters associated with the test {include the appropriate
symbol(s)}
c. State the hypothesis using statistical symbols.
Null Hypothesis: _____________________________
Alternative Hypothesis: _____________________________
d. What procedure is used to perform this test? (Circle one)
t test z test ANOVA Chi-Square
e. What condition(s) is/are required for this procedure to be legitimate?
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f. Which specific standardized test statistic is used to test this hypothesis?
Indicate the degree of freedom (df) if appropriate.
z
z
df _____________
t
df _____________
t
df _____________ df ____________
df _____________
df _____________ df ____________
2
df _____________
2
df _____________ df ____________
g. What is the value of the test statistic? ________________
h. What is the critical value(s) for this test? ______________
i. What is the p-value for this test? ________________
j. Construct a graph of the most appropriate distribution clearly showing the
critical value(s), test statistic value, and the rejection region
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k. What is the statistical decision and why?
Reject
A
H
Do not reject
A
H
Reject
0
H
Do not reject
0
H
because the p-value is
than
2/
than
2/
to
2/
than
than
to
than
2
than
2
to
2
l. In non-technical terms what is your conclusion for this test?
m. Name the procedure which must be carried out in order to complete the test.
State the reason why that procedure can be used.
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