Textbook Notes (381,212)
CA (168,403)
Ryerson (11,741)
SOC (562)
SOC 103 (124)
Sal Guzzo (25)
Chapter 4

Chapter note from Sociology in Our Times 5th Canadian Edition: Chapter 4

14 Pages
187 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 103
Professor
Sal Guzzo

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 14 pages of the document.
Chapter 4: Socialization
Why is Socialization Important?
Socialization: the lifelong process of social interaction through which individuals
acquire a self-identity and the physical mental, and social skills needed for survival
in society
Enables each of us to develop our human potential and learn the ways of thinking,
talking, and acting that are essential for social living
First three years of life, begin to develop a unique identity as well as the abilities to
manipulate things and to walk
Socialization essential for the survival and stability of society
Functionalist perspective, individual conformity to existing norms is not taken for
granted, rather, basic individual needs and desires must be balanced against the
needs of the social structure
Socialization process effective, people conform to the norms of society because they
believe that doing so is the best course of action
Culture, subculture, and unique experiences make up who you are
Human Development: Biology and Society
What does it mean to be human?
oConscious of ourselves ad individuals with unique identities, personality, and
relationships with others
oHave ideas emotions and values
oCapacity to think and make rational decisions
Humans differ from nonhuman animals because we lack instincts and must rely on
learning for our survival
Human is product of
oBiology
oSociety
www.notesolution.com
oPersonal experiences
Sociologies focus on how humans design their own culture and transmit it from
generation to generation through socialization
Sociobiologists assert that nature in the form of our genetic makeup is a major factor
in shaping human behaviour
Sociobiology: is the systematic study of how biology affects social behaviour
Wilson, genetic inheritance underlies many forms of social behaviour such as war
and peace, envy and concern for others, and competition and cooperation
Sociologists disagree with the emphasis on bio
Social influence= nurture
Social environment probably has a greater effect than heredity on the way we
develop and the way we act
Biological and emotional needs are related in a complex equation
Social Isolation and Maltreatment
Isolation and Nonhuman Primates
Psychologies Harlows took infant rhesus monkeys from their mothers and isolated
them in separate cages. Each cage had fake mother, one made up with wire with
bottle, other one was made of cloth, no bottle.
Babies liked cloth mother, when really needed to eat, went to the wire monkey
Socialization important in first 6 months, in the test, when monkeys integrated,
didnt interact well
Isolated Children
Anna: mother didnt care for her. Couldnt walk, talk, eat, clean. When integrated
and socialized, was able to do these things
Genie: straight jacketed, beaten, had a tough time socializing
Child Maltreatment
www.notesolution.com
Child maltreatment and Child Abuse: the violence, mistreatment, or neglect
that a child may experience while in the care of someone he or she trusts or depends
on (parent, relative, caregiver)
Types of abuse
oPhysical abuse
oSexual abuse or exploitation
oNeglect
oEmotional abuse
Neglect most frequent form of child abuse
Child neglect: occurs when a childs basic needs-including emotional warmth and
security, adequate shelter, food, health care, education, clothing, and protection- are
not met, regardless of the cause
Child abuse is linked to inequalities in our society and the power imbalance that
exists between adults and children
Children dependent on their abusers, little control over situation
Abuse may increase on social factors like racism, sexism, homophobia, poverty, and
social isolation
Agents of Socialization
Agents of socialization: are the persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what
we need to know in order to participate in society
The Family
Family most important agent of socialization in all societies
As soon as we are born, our families begin to transmit cultural and social values to
us
Functionalist perspective emphasize that families serve important functions in
society because they are the primary focus for the procreation and socialization of
children
Families primary source of emotional support
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Chapter 4: Socialization Why is Socialization Important? Socialization: the lifelong process of social interaction through which individuals acquire a self-identity and the physical mental, and social skills needed for survival in society Enables each of us to develop our human potential and learn the ways of thinking, talking, and acting that are essential for social living First three years of life, begin to develop a unique identity as well as the abilities to manipulate things and to walk Socialization essential for the survival and stability of society Functionalist perspective, individual conformity to existing norms is not taken for granted, rather, basic individual needs and desires must be balanced against the needs of the social structure Socialization process effective, people conform to the norms of society because they believe that doing so is the best course of action Culture, subculture, and unique experiences make up who you are Human Development: Biology and Society What does it mean to be human? o Conscious of ourselves ad individuals with unique identities, personality, and relationships with others o Have ideas emotions and values o Capacity to think and make rational decisions Humans differ from nonhuman animals because we lack instincts and must rely on learning for our survival Human is product of o Biology o Society www.notesolution.com o Personal experiences Sociologies focus on how humans design their own culture and transmit it from generation to generation through socialization Sociobiologists assert that nature in the form of our genetic makeup is a major factor in shaping human behaviour Sociobiology: is the systematic study of how biology affects social behaviour Wilson, genetic inheritance underlies many forms of social behaviour such as war and peace, envy and concern for others, and competition and cooperation Sociologists disagree with the emphasis on bio Social influence= nurture Social environment probably has a greater effect than heredity on the way we develop and the way we act Biological and emotional needs are related in a complex equation Social Isolation and Maltreatment Isolation and Nonhuman Primates Psychologies Harlows took infant rhesus monkeys from their mothers and isolated them in separate cages. Each cage had fake mother, one made up with wire with bottle, other one was made of cloth, no bottle. Babies liked cloth mother, when really needed to eat, went to the wire monkey Socialization important in first 6 months, in the test, when monkeys integrated, didnt interact well Isolated Children Anna: mother didnt care for her. Couldnt walk, talk, eat, clean. When integrated and socialized, was able to do these things Genie: straight jacketed, beaten, had a tough time socializing Child Maltreatment www.notesolution.com Child maltreatment and Child Abuse: the violence, mistreatment, or neglect that a child may experience while in the care of someone he or she trusts or depends on (parent, relative, caregiver) Types of abuse o Physical abuse o Sexual abuse or exploitation o Neglect o Emotional abuse Neglect most frequent form of child abuse Child neglect: occurs when a childs basic needs-including emotional warmth and security, adequate shelter, food, health care, education, clothing, and protection- are not met, regardless of the cause Child abuse is linked to inequalities in our society and the power imbalance that exists between adults and children Children dependent on their abusers, little control over situation Abuse may increase on social factors like racism, sexism, homophobia, poverty, and social isolation Agents of Socialization Agents of socialization: are the persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know in order to participate in society The Family Family most important agent of socialization in all societies As soon as we are born, our families begin to transmit cultural and social values to us Functionalist perspective emphasize that families serve important functions in society because they are the primary focus for the procreation and socialization of children Families primary source of emotional support www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit