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Sociology (561)
SOC 103 (124)
Sal Guzzo (25)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1.docx

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SOC 103
Sal Guzzo

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Chapter 1 Sociology: The study of society-socius (being with others) ology (the study of) Creator of name: Auguste Comte Sociology is the disciplined study of human social behavior, especially the investigation of the origins, classifications, institutions, and development of human society on a global level 1) Society: The sociologist thinks of society as a denoting a large complex of human relationships, or to put it in more technical language, as referring to a system of interaction. 2) The Social: As one in which people orient their actions towards one another. Sociological Perspective: A view of society based on the dynamic relationship between individuals and the larger social network in which we all live in. C Wright Mills (conflict theorist) - Develop sociological imagination - Being able to think about private troubles in relation to public issues - Instead of focusing on one person’s problems, focusing if that problem is larger - Helps us understand that things change over time - Situate the self in relation to the society: An individual’s failures and their successes are not there’s alone. - Sociological Imagination: C.W Mills term for the ability to perceive how dynamic social forces influence individual lives. - Quality of mind: Mills term for the ability to view personal circumstances within social context. Peter Berger - Sociologist: object for them is to look for the strange and the familiar as well as the general and the particular. - Take an experience snapshot, we abstract it and see how certain ideas are taken from it. (genders, actions etc) - Seeing the General in the Particular: the ability to look at seemingly unique events or circumstances and then recognize the larger features involved. - Seeing the Strange in the Familiar: thinking about the familiar and seeing it as the strange. Origins of Sociology Scientific Revolution: - The development of the scientific method during the Enlightenment period that followed facilitated the pace of social change - One of the first thinkers to consider the science method is Adam Comte. Comte believed that if the world was interpreted through a scientific lens then society could be guided by observation, experimentation and logic. - Positivism: is a theoretical approach that considers all understanding to be based on science. - Comte believed that society would be better run if we used positivism to make our decisions on social policy. Political Revolution: - The Enlightenment inspired a great deal of social and scientific change. With a new view as spate from the teachings of the church, society evolved to endorse democratic principles - Machiavelli Descartes, and Hobbes challenged social convection and inspired new ways of understanding the social world. - Machiavelli: Humans are able to understand their world through rational reflection. - Many philosophical and social trends began during the Renaissance continued to develop through the Enlightenment. Locke, Rousseau helped in the development of sociology. - Locke: all knowledge is from experience. - Locke: to increase knowledge we must gather more info about the material world through science and experimentation - Rousseau: human beings existed in a natural sate whereby individuals desire is self- centered. - Philosophers and social activists promoted novel ideals such as individual rights and social responsibility, equality, of opportunity, and the political ideology of democracy. Industrial Revolution: - Industrial Revolution replaced agriculture as our dominant means of supporting ourselves and our families - Changed virtually every aspect of life: family structures, peoples thoughts, dreams, an aspirations. - Many technological advancements - Moving from agricultural and rural economy to a capitalist and urban one has left a legacy that some would argue we are still trying to deal with today. - Moving from a rural to an urban environment led to a new series of social problems, including child labor factories, crushing poverty, malnourishment, and exploding crime rate
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