Textbook Notes (368,164)
Canada (161,688)
Sociology (561)
SOC 103 (124)
Sal Guzzo (25)

Sex and Gender

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SOC 103
Sal Guzzo

Sex and Gender Sexrefers to the biological and anatomical differences between females and males Genderis often referred to the distinctive culturally created qualities of men and women Primary sex characteristicsthe genitalia used in the reproductive processSecondary sex characteristicsthe physical traits that identify and individuals sex Sex is not always clearcut Hermaphroditea person in whom sexual differentiation is ambiguous or incompleteTranssexuala person who believes that he or she has born with the body of the wrong sex Closest approximation to a third sex Transvestitea male who lives as a women or a female who lives as a man but does not alter their genitalia Sexual OrientationRefers to an individuals preference for emotionalsexual relationships with members of the yopposite sex same sex or bothSome scientists believe that sexual orientation is rooted in biological factors at birthyOthers believe that sexuality has both biological and social components and isnt preordained at ybirth Researchers at the University of Chicago established three criteria for identifying people as homosexualor bisexual 1 Sexual attraction to ones own gender 2 Sexual involvement with one or more persons of ones own gender 3 Self identification as gay lesbian or bisexualThe term transgender was created to describe individuals whose appearance behaviour or selfyidentification does not conform to common social rules of gender expression Homophobiaextreme prejudice directed to gays lesbians bisexuals and others who are yperceived at not being heterosexual Gender The Cultural Dimension Genderrefers to the culturally and socially constructed differences between females and males found in the meanings beliefs and practices associated with femininity and masculinity Virtually everything social in our lives is gendered people continually distinguish between males yand females and evaluate them differently A microlevel analysis of gender focuses on how individuals learn gender roles and acquire a ygender identityGender rolerefers to the attitudes behaviour and activities that are socially defined as yappropriate for each sex and are learned through the socialization process Genderidentityis a persons perception of the self as female or maley
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