Textbook Notes (369,067)
Canada (162,366)
Sociology (561)
SOC 103 (124)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

4 Pages

Course Code
SOC 103
Tonya Davidson

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SOC 103 CH 1 NOTES Sociology: the systematic study of human groups and their interactions. Sociological Perspective: the unique way in which sociologists see our world and can dissect the dynamic relationship between individuals and the larger social network in which we all live. CW Mills Personal Troubles result from individual challenges Social Issues are caused by larger social factors EX: sociology mid term can be considered a personal trouble b/c you have to write it. Your final grade is up to you and would be considered a personal trouble. Quality of Mind: not seeing a failure as partially, or entirely the result of social forces is to lack the quality of mind. It is the ability to look beyond personal circumstances and into social context.  students lack the quality of mind because they did not try to understand their individual circumstance from within the larger social context: how did everyone else do? What could I have done better? How could I have studied more effectively? Sociological imagination: the ability to understand the dynamic relationship between individual lives and the larger society. (looking at yourself from a new perspective) Peter Berger According to Berger, seeing the general in the particular is the ability to look at seemingly unique events or circumstances and then recognize the larger features involved. - Sociologists need to tune their perspective by thinking about what is familiar and seeing it as a strange - Sociology is less about remembering details and specifies than about seeing the social world from a unique position – allows us to understand social context and appreciate the position of others. Ascribed Status: advantages and disadvantages assigned at birth (Gender) Achieved Status: Attributes developed throughout life as a result of effort and skill (Grades) Three Revolutions: The Rise of Sociology 1. Scientific Revolution Comte believed that if the world was interpreted through a scientific lens then society could be guided by observation, experimentation and logic. This approach is referred to as Positivism. Positivism: a theoretical approach that considers all understanding to be based on science. 2. Political Revolution Hobbes at this time influenced thinkers that humans were driven by two passions: fear of death and desire for power. 3. Industrial Revolution - The move from rural to an urban environment led to a new series of social problems including: child labour factories, crushing poverty, malnourishment and exploding crime rates Europe/ North America: Development of Society - Early European Sociology could be categorized as macrosociology (study of society as a whole.) - Early US = Microsociology (focuses on individuals and/or small groups and how they behave in particular face-to-face social networks. Canadian Sociology 5 DEFINING FEATURES HELP DISTINGUISH CANDIAN SOCIOLOGY FROM AMERICAN TRADITION : 1. Geography: Canada’s size, climate, and proximity. 2. Francophone Sociology: Focus on political, religious, and social injustices in Quebec and its relationship with Canada. 3. Canadianization 4. Political Economy: Wallace Clement believes that a defining element of Canadian sociology is its interest in the political economy. Political Economy is seen as the interactions of politics, government, and governing, and the social and cultural constitution of markets, institutions and actors. 5. Radical Approach: Simultaneous emergence of the Canadianization movement and the women’s movement led to politics of knowledge that
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