Education in HistoricalGlobal Perspective
Cultural transmissions: process by which children and recent immigrants become
acquainted with the dominant culture believes, values, norms, and knowledge of society.
Informal education, learning that occurs in a spontaneous, unplanned way.
Formal education is learning that takes place with in academic setting. Where teachers
convey specific knowledge, skills, and thinking process to students
Mass education refers to providing free, pubic schooling for wide segments of a nations
By 1900’s, mass education had taken hold in Canada.
Japan did not make public education mandatory, right away. Once the country
underwent industrializing, education was viewed as a crucial link to economic success in
japan, at this point. Pg. 444
Sociological Perspectives on Education
Functionalist view education as one of the most important components of society
Emile Durkheim says education is crucial for promoting social solidarity and
The 1994 world commission of learning outlined three purposes of schooling,
first, to ensure all students high levels of literacy by building on basic reading,
writing, and problemsolving skills.
Second to develop an appreciation of learning the wish to continue learning, and
the ability and commitment to do so and 3rd to prepare students for responsible
citizenship .Pg 444
Manifest Functions of Education, defined as open, stated, and intended goals or
consequence of activities within an organization or institution. In education, these are…
Transmission of culture
Change and innovation
Latent Functions of Education. Hidden, unstated, and sometimes unintended
consequences of activities within an organization.
Restricting some activities
Matchmaking and production of some social networks
Creation of the generation gap
Conflicts View. Conflict theorists do not believe that public schools reduce social
inequality in society, they believe that schools often perpetuate class, racial ethnic and gender inequalities as some groups seek to maintain their privileged position at the
expense of others.
Bourdieu asserts that students from diverse class backgrounds come to school with
differing amounts of cultural capital social assets that include values, beliefs, attitudes,
and competencies in language and culture.
The Hidden Curriculum
Is the transmission of cultural values and attitudes, such as conformity and
obedience to authority, through implied demands found in rules, routines, and
regulations of schools.
Educational credentials are extremely important in societies that have emphasize
credentialism a process of social selection in which class advantage and social
status are linked to the possession of academic qualifications (Collins,1979:
Marshall, 1998) Pg. 449
Teachers pay more attention the boys
Boys and girls were split up on the playgrounds
Teachers displayed stereotypical expectations of male and female students aptitudes and
Ministries of education an eliminated gender bias and stereotyping in schools curriculum
and classroom practices
In 2006 60% of university graduates were female
Symbolic interactionism perspectives
Focus on classroom communication partners and education practices that effect students
selfconcept and aspirations.
Labeling it and the selffulfilling prophecy
Labeling is the process whereby a person is identified by others eyes possessing a
specific characteristic or exhibiting a certain pattern of behavior
Selffulfilling prophecy Defined as an unsubstantiated belief or prediction resulting in
behavior that makes the originally false belief come true.
Postmodern theories often highlight differences and irregularity in society
Table on Pg 454 has all the key elements of the different Sociological perspectives on
education. LOOK BELOW Education in the future