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SOC 202 (78)
Chapter 9

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Ryerson University
SOC 202
Stephen Muzzatti

Chapter 9 – Spaces and Places of Popular Culture - Canada most popular fast food restaurants: Tim Horton’s is the stone’s throw from Subway and Pizza Pizza - The presence of Tim Horton’s and other franchises are other franchises are a reminder that it is virtually impossible to compete with companies whose brands are so well known, whose products’ names have been recognised substitutes for everyday consumer goods - Spaces and places that we inhabit have undergone changes over time - More people, more cars and more technology means that cities are spread out, highways are lengthened, parking lots are expanded, and stores are ballooned in size to house - People started the recognize the changes starting for the World War 2 Organizing Space and Place - Space is a physical reality: the boundless container of everything known and unknown that is referred to as the universe - One of the important differences between space and place seems to be that place is “made” space o Space is devoid of content, impersonal, and abstract, whereas place is filled with stuff, made into something, and clearly identifiable - Every city has some part of it that considered to be the bad side of town, Jane & Finch o Space has works to conceal or to reinforce existing stereotypes about races, ethnicity, and class. The process of gentrification is seen by many as an always positive development which transforms that bad side of town into a desirable place to live, such as Queen Street West and Leslie Ville in Toronto - Globalization is described as “compression of the world and the intensification of the consciousness of the world as a whole “ Theories of Space - The processes by which space is culturally and socially organized and the ways in which modes of organizing space have changed over time have given rise to a number of theories of space - The significant space of human activity is the “city” and it is considered to be a dominant form of organized space Henri Lefebvre and Guy Debord - Spaces change over time because of increases in population, technological developments and changes in industries and agriculture - Virtually all cities engage in zoning, designating, through a municipal master plan which areas are to be used for residential, commercial, or industrial purposes, and generally keeping these - areas as distinct for one another as possible - After WW2, there was a rapid process of rebuilding, expansion, and modernization and house development - For Lefebvre, the long process of modernization had produced forms for everyday life characterized fundamentally by increasing alienation, lack of creativity, and an artificial separation of human activity into specialized spaces and activities: spaces to live, workshop, have fun, and so forth - Debord looks at a similar view of the world, “speculate” is the most often thought to refer to the collection of images that bombard us daily – advertising, television, movies, but he says it is not a collection of images, but a social relationship between people that is mediated by images o For him, society represented the deepest penetration of capitalism and consumerism into everyday life - Little spaces was left that allowed for the creation of genuine differences of experience or meaning; all activity was tied into modern rhythms of work and play, with after work leisure being little more than a preparation for more work o These breaks in the everyday allowed for a glimpse into the social construction of everyday life - One of the clearest signs of the degree to which space is organized in ways that shape out lived experience of space and the shape and character of popular culture today is the divide between public space and private space Private vs. Public Space - Examples of Private Space: Home, Washroom, area of the TTC bus, your office - Example of Public Space: Park, School, Playground, community, swimming pool, Mall - The commercialization of sports, the loss of public land mean not just fewer places to
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