SOC 202 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Guy Debord, Henri Lefebvre, Pizza Pizza

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24 Apr 2012
Chapter 9 Spaces and Places of Popular Culture
- Canada most popular fast food restaurants: Tim Horton’s is the stone’s throw from Subway and
Pizza Pizza
- The presence of Tim Horton’s and other franchises are other franchises are a reminder that it is
virtually impossible to compete with companies whose brands are so well known, whose
products’ names have been recognised substitutes for everyday consumer goods
- Spaces and places that we inhabit have undergone changes over time
- More people, more cars and more technology means that cities are spread out, highways are
lengthened, parking lots are expanded, and stores are ballooned in size to house
- People started the recognize the changes starting for the World War 2
Organizing Space and Place
- Space is a physical reality: the boundless container of everything known and unknown that is
referred to as the universe
- One of the important differences between space and place seems to be that place is “made”
o Space is devoid of content, impersonal, and abstract, whereas place is filled with stuff,
made into something, and clearly identifiable
- Every city has some part of it that considered to be the bad side of town, Jane & Finch
o Space has works to conceal or to reinforce existing stereotypes about races, ethnicity,
and class. The process of gentrification is seen by many as an always positive
development which transforms that bad side of town into a desirable place to live, such
as Queen Street West and Leslie Ville in Toronto
- Globalization is described as “compression of the world and the intensification of the
consciousness of the world as a whole
Theories of Space
- The processes by which space is culturally and socially organized and the ways in which modes
of organizing space have changed over time have given rise to a number of theories of space
- The significant space of human activity is the “city” and it is considered to be a dominant form of
organized space
Henri Lefebvre and Guy Debord
- Spaces change over time because of increases in population, technological developments and
changes in industries and agriculture
- Virtually all cities engage in zoning, designating, through a municipal master plan which areas
are to be used for residential, commercial, or industrial purposes, and generally keeping these
- areas as distinct for one another as possible
- After WW2, there was a rapid process of rebuilding, expansion, and modernization and house
- For Lefebvre, the long process of modernization had produced forms for everyday life
characterized fundamentally by increasing alienation, lack of creativity, and an artificial
separation of human activity into specialized spaces and activities: spaces to live, workshop,
have fun, and so forth
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