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Chapter 2

Chapter 2 The History of Popular culture.docx

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Ryerson University
SOC 202
Stephen Muzzatti

Chapter 2 The History of Popular culture Making The Streets Safe For Commerce  Who own/produces the space in which we live our lives-continues to be the primary force defining popular culture today. Popular Recreation Before 1830  Rural forms  Urban forms  With social activity strongly tied to work and both work and leisure still strongly influenced by the traditions and rhythms of the agricultural economy The Bonds of The Community  In sum, romantic images of entertainment in preindustrial society are in some senses accurate: run was mostly free, even when closely bound up with economic activities of the community; it reflected a strong attachment to the natural world, and recreation fostered connections between people.  Negative side: the conservative and traditional nature of recreational activities allowed only occasional ritual challenges to social authority and tended to emphasize social solidarity over individual pleasure or inclination  Traditional recreation: with its strong emphasis on blood sports, reflected the hardship and brutality of farm laborer’s lives-brutality enacted most violently on animals Redefining Cultural Spaces  The 1835 ban against football in the streets was one minor event in a succession of restrictions of communal space by state of private interests happening in conjunction with changes associated with the developing capitalist economy  Beyond the significance of the loss of these specific activities was the severing of vital link between agricultural work and recreation  Urbanization: the long-term but increasingly intensifying shift of human populations from the country to the city. In nineteenth-century Britain, urbanization contributed significantly to the reduction of open spaces available for recreation as land was expropriated for the building of industrial infrastructure  Courtyards, which functioned as a sort of backyard, became gathering places in which people could find some respite from the isolation and loneliness that are paradoxical byproducts of life in a crowded city. The Pub As A Community Space  They can be seen as part of the trend in urbanization toward the separation of places of work and places of recreation  The critical difference for workers in industrial society is that their labor is detached from the larger process of production: rather than having any direct economic stake in the products of their labor, they receive only a small hourly wage and their activity is focused on one single fragment of the final product. New Modes of Production  Fordism is now widely understood to refer not just to a particular mode of production but also to form of social organization based on disciple, uniformity, and atomization (“atomization” describes a social structure defined by separate individuals rather than by a vision of the community as a whole)  Poverty: a sign of personal failure or moral weakness The Production of The Working Class  One of the dominant mythologies in contemporary so
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