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BPK 140 (138)
Chapter 8

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Simon Fraser University
Biomedical Physio & Kines
BPK 140
Penny Deck

Chapter 8 Chapter 8 – KIN 140 Fertility: Is a mixed blessing for women. It is the ability to reproduce. Managing Your Fertility Conception: refers to the fertilization of an ovum by a sperm. Contraception refers to methods of preventing conception. Our present methods of contraception fall into 2 categories: reversible methods & permanent methods. Reversible Contraception Strictly defined, abstinence means not engaging in intercourse. “Outercourse” means oral sex. Condom is a sheath of thin latex or other material designed to fit over an erect penis to collect semen upon ejaculation. Perfect-use effectiveness rate: The percentage rate of women who will become pregnant in one year when a contraceptive method is used correctly and consistently. Typical-use effectiveness rate: The percentage of women who will become pregnant in one year considered that a contraceptive method is often used incorrectly or inconsistently. Oral contraceptive pills are pills taken daily for three weeks of the menstrual cycle that prevent ovulation by regulating hormones. Progestin-Only Pills or mini-pills contain small doses of progesterone. Birth Control Patch (Ortho-Evra) which is a patch that contains the hormones progestin and estrogen, two ingredients also found in birth control pills. Depo-Provera is an injectable method of birth control that lasts for three months. The main disadvantage is irregular bleeding. NuvaRing is a soft, flexible ring inserted into the vagina for three weeks at a time to prevent pregnancy in the same way that the pill does. Emergency contraceptive pills can be used when a condom breaks, after a sexual assault, or any time unprotected sexual intercourse occurs. This is often referred to as “the morning-after pill” which can be taken up to three days after unprotected intercourse to reduce the risk of pregnancy by 75%. Page 1 Chapter 8 Spermicides are substances designed to kill sperm. Jellies and creams are packaged in tubes and foams are available in aerosol cans. Suppositories are waxy capsules placed deep in the vagina that melt once they are inside. Female condom is a single-use polyurethane sheath for internal use by women. Diaphragm: A latex, saucer-shaped device designed to cover the cervix and block to the uterus; should be used with spermicide. Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a potentially life-threatening disease that occurs when specific bacterial toxins are allowed to multiply unchecked in wounds or through improper use of tampons or diaphragms. Cervical cap is a small cup made of latex designed to fit snugly over the entire cervix. Intrauterine device (IUD): is
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