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BPK 140 (138)
Chapter 1

Kin140_Chapter 1 An Invitation to Health & Wellness.docx

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Simon Fraser University
Biomedical Physio & Kines
BPK 140
Diana Bedoya

Chapter 1 HealthWellness First Nations Medicine Wheel east south west north 4 aspects of self physical mental emotional and spiritual 4 fundamental values kindness honesty sharing strength All these aspects are interconnected with each other they have equal balanceweightWhat is Health Health is the complete state of physical mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity it is a resource for everyday life not the objective of living it is more of a state than a processMedical Model of Health In the medical model health is viewed as the absence of disease you go to see a doctor when you have signssymptoms of diseaseSignssomething you can see Eg rash pimples yellowing of face Symptomssomething you feel Eg fever cough fatiguedoctor is responsible for your health which is achieved through treatment Goal is to prevent morbidity and mortality Morbiditydisabilitydisease Mortalitydeath SignsSymptomsDiseaseDisabilityDeathHealth Promotionthe process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their overall health involves empowerment community support healthy public policy supportive environments knowledge translationThree national health challenges 1 Reducing inequitiesgap between rich and poor2 Increasing the prevention effortmight not see effects for 20 years3 Enhancing peoples capacity to copeeducate and empowermentThree mechanisms to health promotion 1 Selfcarethe decisions and actions individuals take in the interest of their own health 2 Mutual aidthe actions people take to each other cope 3 Healthy environmentsthe creation of conditions and surroundings that support health
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