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BPK 140 (138)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 An Invitation to Health and Wellness

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Simon Fraser University
Biomedical Physio & Kines
BPK 140
Diana Bedoya

KIN 140 Book Notes An Invitation to Health Reading List 1 Chapter 1; pp. 4-5, 7-11, 13-20 Health is a state whereas Wellness is a process - Panacea – to heal; Hygeia or hygiene – - purposeful, enjoyable living healthy - A deliberate lifestyle choice characterized by - WHO says, “not merely the absence of personal responsibility and optimal enhancement sickness” but “a state of complete physical, of physical, mental, and spiritual health mental, and social well-being” - More than freedom from disease, it means - According to Halbert Dunn, “health was taking steps to prevent illness and have the a passive state of homeostasis or balance” capacity to live life to the fullest (see his opinion on wellness below) - According to Halbert Dunn, “wellness is a - Health Field Concept through the dynamic process of continually moving toward Lalonde Report one’s potential for optimal functioning o Four main elements: human o Dependent on 3 criteria biology, environment, lifestyle, and  Direction and progress toward a health-care organizations higher potential of functioning o Encouraged leaders to rethink treatment and expand to prevention of  The total individual, which illness includes physical, mental, spiritual, emotional and social components  Functioning and adapting for daily living and times of crisis First Nations Medicine Wheel (Figure 1-1) - Belief in Holism o Four Aspects of the Self: Mental, Emotional, Spiritual, and Physical o Four Fundamental Values: Kindness, Honesty, Sharing, Strength - Bimaadiziwin – the way of good life or everyday good living Health Promotion - The process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment. Health is, therefore, seen as a resource of everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. Therefore, health promotion is not just the responsibility of the health sector, but goes beyond health lifestyles to well-being. (WHO, Ottawa Charter) - 3 National Health Challenges: reducing inequities, increasing the prevention effort, and enhancing people’s capacity to cope - 3 mechanisms to health promotion o Self-care – decisions and actions take in the interest of their own health o Mutual aid – actions people take to help each other cope o Healthy environments – the creation of conditions and surroundings conducive to health Quality of Life Model (Table 1-1) Becoming Being Belonging Achieving personal goals, who one is Connections with one’s environment aspirations, and hopes Physical Being – physical health, personal hygiene, Physical Belonging – home, Practical Becoming – domestic nutrition, exercise, workplace/school, neighborhood, activities, paid work, school or grooming, clothing, volunteer activities, seeing to general physical community health or social needs appearance Psychological Being – psychological health and Social Belonging – intimate others, Leisure Becoming – activities adjustment, cognitions, family, friends, co-workers, that promote relaxation and stress feelings, self-esteem, self- neighborhood and community reduction concept, self-control Community Belonging – adequate Spiritual Being – personal income, health and social services, Growth Becoming – activities values, personal standards employment, educational programs, that promote the maintenance or of conduct, spiritual recreational programs, community improvement of knowledge and beliefs skills, adapting to change events and activities Wharf Higgin’s Research in uVic focus on… - Life choices – personal lifestyle decisions and ways of living are a reflection of and influenced by our life chances and circumstances o E.g. diet, physically active, alcohol and cigarette consumption - Chances – what we were born with and into that frame our life and health choices from an early age o E.g. genes, ethnicity, early childhood experiences, sex, extended family, etc o i.e. the opportunities our parents were able to afford us and provide us - Circumstances – work we do, who we live with and where we live o Place of residence important because different provincial and national policies influence our health Epidemiology – study of often diseases occur in different groups Illness/Wellness Continuum of John Travis (Figure 1-4) - Suggests that many of us are at a neutral point where we are no ill but have more potential to be well The Six Dimensions of Wellness of Dr. Bill Hettler (Figure 1- 5) - Social Dimension o Encourages a collectivist view of the world – contributing to society, helping others, and valuing the concept of interdependence between ourselves and our environment o Improve by seeking ways to enhance our personal relationships, celebrate friendships, and build healthy communities o i.e. peer helping, special events planning o important to us in times of crisis: we need support systems o individuals who have a sense of connection to others are more likely to have a secure attachment style and benefit from supportive relationships - Occupational Dimension o A “well” occupation is consistent with our personal values, interests, and beliefs o In a “well” work environment, you contribute your unique skills, talents, and gifts to your community and enjoy work that is rewarding and meaningful - Spiritual Dimension o Aspects of this include identifying our basic purpose in life; learning how to experience joy, love, peace and fulfillment; and helping ourselves and others achieve our potential o Unites all other wellness dimensions - Physical Dimension o Me
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