BUS 303 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Blaise Pascal, The Roots, Greasy Pole

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Ch. 6 – Become Who You Are
NIETZSCHE AND ARISTOTLE
- both viewed critical persona decisions (defining moments) not as single separate
events, but as most recent link in long chain of a person’s past
- Nietzsche described person’s past as raw material that can be shaped to become
who they are
 “Become who you are!”
THE HEART’S REASONS
- How do my feelings & intuitions define, for me, the right vs. right conflict?
 asks what your feelings tell you
- a person’s feelings can actually help make sense of an issue, give shape to it, &
indicate what the stakes really are
 heart has reasons
 but not everything that is expressed in a feeling/intuition can be translated
into precise objective terms
- Blaise Pascal: “The heart has its reasons that reason does not know.”
THE ROOTS OF RESPONSIBILITY
- How deep are the moral roots of the conflicting values that are creating the right
vs. right conflict?
 tracing roots means understanding their origins, evolution & importance in
person’s life
 involves effort to understand which values & commitments have up to the
present, defined a person’s moral identity
- place problems at hand in context of earlier defining moments in one’s life
THIS IS MY WAY, WHERE IS YOURS?
- sometimes, it’s irresponsible to let commitments & ideals of past become prologue
& pilot for the future
- becoming who you are also involves choosing which instincts & commitments to
leave alone & which you will struggle to reshape
- we often deny/repress what we are carrying around, despite good faith efforts to
understand ourselves
 sometimes the expectations/etc we carry get too overwhelming
- What is your way?
 Nietzsche urges ppl to look at critical choices not simply as culmination of
their pasts but as first steps in shaping of their future selves
SEEING THE WORLD AS IT IS
- Machiavelli: alleged high priest of untrammeled self-interest, duplicity, poisoned
chalice
 believed successful leaders must see world as it really is
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