Chapter 2 - introduction to the legal system. Law is the body of rules that can be enforced by the courts or by other government agencies. Law is not the same as justice, morality, or ethics. Civil law) personal, social, and business relations with the government (eg. criminal law, government regulations: public vs. Common law legal system: henry ii established travelling royal courts, function was not to impose a particular set of laws but to be fair and impartial enforced customs/traditions they found and looked to each other for rules. From the bottom up, rather than the top down. Lower court judge is obligated to apply precedent, even if he believes the case was wrongly decided. Confederation: constitution (bna) act, 1867 created dominion of canada and determined functions and powers of the provincial and federal levels of government, canada similar in principle to that of the united kingdom absorbed the.