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Textbook Notes for Chemistry at Simon Fraser University

CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Elimination Reaction, Stereoselectivity, Substitution Reaction
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SN1/SN2/E1/E2 Notes: Part 3 Section 9.9 The only elimination reactions that primary and secondary alkyl halides undergo are E2 reactions. Tertiary alkyl halides undergo both E2 and E1 reactions. ...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Protic Solvent, Lone Pair, Solvolysis
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SN1SN2E1E2 Notes: Part 2 Section 9.2 The relative reactivities of alkyl halides that differ only in the halogen atom are RI > RBr > RCl > RF in SN2, SN1, E2, and E1 reactions. Basicity is a measure of how well a compound s...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Allyl Group, Benzyl Group, Sn2 Reaction
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SN1SN2E1E2 Notes: Part 1 SN1 SN2 E1 E2 Tertiary Primary and secondary alkyl Tertiary alkyl Primary, secondary, alkyl halides and methyl halides halides tertiary alkyl halides halides Weak base Strong base (weakly basic sol...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Swern Oxidation, Alcohol, Sn1 Reaction
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Chapter 10 Essential Concepts: Part 2 Section 10.4 An alcohol undergoes dehydration (elimination of a water molecule) when it is heated with an acid. Dehydration is an E1 reaction in the case of secondary and tertiary alco...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Cyclohexane, Substituent, Methyl Group
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Chapter 3 Notes Part 19: An Introduction to Organic Compounds Both chair conformers of the trans isomer have one substituent in an equatorial position and the other in an axial position. Because the...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Methyl Group
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Chapter 3 Notes Part 18: An Introduction to Organic Compounds Geometric Isomers First notice that there are two different dimethylcyclohexanes. One has both methyl substituents on the same side of the cyc...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Atomic Number
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Chapter 4 Notes Part 3: Isomers: The Arrangement of Atoms in Space Thus, the isomer on the left has the high-priority groups (Br and Cl) on the same side of the double bond, so it is the Z isomer. (Zee gro...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Fischer Projection, Enantiomer
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Chapter 4 Notes Part 5: Isomers: The Arrangement of Atoms in Space 4.7: How to Draw Enantiomers Chemists draw enantiomers using either perspective formulas or Fischer projections. To draw the perspective formula of ...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Alkane Stereochemistry, Substituent, Methyl Group
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Chapter 3 Notes Part 17: An Introduction to Organic Compounds 3.14: Conformers of Monosubstituted Cyclohexanes Unlike cyclohexane, which has two equivalent chair conformers, the two chair conformers of a ...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Formula Vee, Fischer Projection, Atomic Number
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Chapter 4 Notes Part 6: Isomers: The Arrangement of Atoms in Space Naming a Compound Drawn as a Perspective Formula First, lets look at how you can determine the configuration of a compound drawn as a perspective form...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Unsaturated Hydrocarbon, Pi Bond, Chemical Formula
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Chapter 4 Notes Part 2: Isomers: The Arrangement of Atoms in Space Rotation about a double bond occurs only if the pi bond breaksthat is, only if the p orbitals are no longer parallel (Figure 4.1). Consequently, the energy...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Dimethyl Ether, Stereoisomerism, Chemical Formula
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Chapter 4 Notes Part 1: Isomers: The Arrangement of Atoms in Space Isomerscompounds with the same molecular formula but different structures. Isomers fall into two main classes: constitutional isomers and...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Sn2 Reaction, Phosphoryl Chloride, Elimination Reaction
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Chapter 10 Essential Concepts: Part 1 E1 E2 Dehydration of secondary + tertiary alcohols Dehydration of primary alcohols (forms carbocation intermediates) (Dehydration of secondary and tertiary alcohols can take place by a...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter 4: Chapter 4 Notes Part 4_ Isomers_ The Arrangement of Atoms in Space
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Chapter 4 Notes Part 4: Isomers: The Arrangement of Atoms in Space 4.3: A Chiral Object Has a Nonsuperimposable Mirror Image An object with a righthanded and a lefthanded form is said to be chiral, a word derived from the ...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh
CHEM 281 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Van Der Waals Strain, Cyclohexane, Ring Strain
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Chapter 3 Notes Part 16: An Introduction to Organic Compounds The chair conformer is so important that you should learn how to draw it: 1. Draw two parallel lines of the same length that slant slightly downward. St...

Chemistry
CHEM 281
Nabyl Merbouh

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