Textbook Notes (270,000)
CA (160,000)
SFU (5,000)
CRIM (700)
CRIM 101 (100)
Chapter

My own term essay outline


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 101
Professor
Bryan Kinney

Page:
of 3
Crim Essay Outline
Key assumptions? Causes? What can be done to solve, understand or respond to crime?
Which ideology, the Classical or Positivist, is more helpful or successful in crime
solving, prosecuting, prevention and rehabilitation?
Intro:
#1: Crime Prevention (2 paragraphs each)
Classical
oPunishment to deter crime
oSocial contract gives governm’t/ sovereign power to deal out punishment.
The sovereign is obliged to do what is best for the majority. Laws are
made and enforced for the purpose of preventing crime (Hobbes)
oPeople are rational and will not commit crime as long as pain of
punishment outweighs the pleasure of the crime (Hedonistic Calculus,
Bentham)(social responsibility perspective)
oIf the punishment is swift and certain then it will effectively deter crime
oLegality: minimize # of criminal laws b/c creating more will create more
criminals, thus, permit violations of folkway deviations like fornication,
and spitting.
NEO
oCapital punishment (deterrence)
oSituational crime prevention: help to prevent crime by changing physical,
organizational, and social environments. (pg.142). COUNTERED:
displacement!
oPunishment to deter crime (specific and general deterrence)
oPublic humiliation deterrence (pg. 148)
oCriminals deemed dangerous need to be incapacitated according to
individual rights advocates (pg.150)
Positivist
oState has absolute power over people; thus, can make and enforce laws
oState has power to identify harmful behavior
oLook at individual characteristics (looks etc.) rather than actual criminal
behavior
oLombroso, Hooton, Sheldon’s somatotypes
oSTATE NEED NOT WAIT FOR ACTUAL DANGEROUS BEHAVIOR
IN ORDER TO ASSERT CONTROL OVER AN INDIVIDUAL'S LIFE.
PSYCH
oEarly detection of anti-social personality disorder (pg. 193)
oElectroencephalogram (EEG)
oRobert Hare: Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R) (helps w/
selective incapacitation)
oPunishments can be used to decrease the frequency of crimes (behavior
theory) (pg. 207)
oAlbert Bandura: stop promoting the macho male as one who is rewarded
(pg.207)
oSelective incapacitation/bill C-55
#2: Crime Solving
Classical
oRule of Strict Interpretation: be certain or he’s innocent (Kinney,
October 3 2006, Lecture)
oEveryone is equal before the law (no racism etc.)
oOpen trial, innocent until proven guilty, fair treatment of accused (no
torture)
NEO
oRigel (pg. 139)
Positivist
oSTATE NEED NOT WAIT FOR ACTUAL DANGEROUS BEHAVIOR
IN ORDER TO ASSERT CONTROL OVER AN INDIVIDUAL'S LIFE.
oForget legal rules and protections, they obstruct scientific questions
PSYCH
oPsychological profiling/ violent crime linkage analysis system (narrow the
list of suspects) (john douglas)
oMcNaughten Rule/not criminally responsible by reason of mental disorder
#3: Rehabilitation
Classical
oPunishment should be proportional to the crime committed, making the
pain slightly outweigh the pleasure of the crime
oIf the punishment is swift and certain then it will effectively deter crime
oMultiSystemic Therapy (pg.149)
NEO
oSpecific deterrence: once the criminal is punished accordingly, he won’t
want to do it again.
oPublic humiliation deterrence (pg. 148)
Positivist
oCrime is a disease and people must be cured of it (medical analogy)
oDangerous people undergo scientific treatment procedures
oTreatment must also be given to: family members, and close friends
Social engineering
Repression
Elimination
PSYCH
oCorrectional psychology (treatment)
oPunishments can be used to decrease the frequency of crimes (behavior
theory) (pg. 207).
o
Conclusion:
WINNERS:
Prosecuting: CLASSICAL
Solving: PSYCH DIV. of POSITIVISM
Prevention: PSYCH DIV.
Rehabilitation: PSYCH DIV. of Positivism
Bib is 43, 35x5 and extra 3x2 also minus 9 words do not count + the mind hunters ref
228