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CRIM 101 (121)
Chapter 5


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CRIM 101
Barry Cartwright

CHAPTER 5 NOTES SOCIAL CONTROL RATIONAL CHOICE AND DETERRENCEUNDERLYING ASSUMPTIONSSocial control and rational choice theories say there is nothing unique about criminal behavior and that motivation to engage in such behavior is quite widespreadInstead of asking why certain individuals commit crimes social control and rational choice theorists ask why more individuals dont commit crimesNotion underlying all types of control theory is that conformity cannot be taken for grantedIf you want conformity and social control you need effective socializationIf people dont learninternalize social conventions or norms then social controls will break down or become ineffectiveWALTER RECKLESS CONTAINMENT THEORYInner containmentself control good selfimage ability to tolerate frustrationOuter containmentfamily values institutional reinforcement effective supervisionInternal pushesrestlessness impatience and angerExternal pullspoverty unemployment the media or delinquent friendsTRAVIS HIRSCHIS SOCIAL BOND THEORY1969 book Causes of DelinquencyIf individuals had strong social bond with society they would be less likely to commit crimesAttachmentties of affection and respect with parents school teachersCommitmentgetting good education learning trade or profession finding a good jobInvolvementbeing involved in school in recreation with familyBeliefshared valuesits wrong to steal people should respect the law A GENERAL THEORY OF CRIME HIRSCHIGOTTFREDSONPoints to low self control as the cause of crimeTied in with Classical Schools hedonistic calculuspeople will choose to commit crimes if they perceive that prospects for pleasure outweigh prospects for pain or punishmentAgree with opportunity theory or routine activities theory and requirements for a motivated offender the absence of a capable guardian and a suitable target in order for crime to take placeTHE KEY FEATURES OF CRIMINALITY AND LOW SELFCONTROL1Criminal acts provide immediate gratification of desires 2 Criminal acts provide easy or simple gratification3 Criminal acts are exciting risky or thrilling4 Crimes provide few or meager longterm planning5 Crimes require little skill or planning6 Crimes often result in pain or discomfort for the victimTHE SOCIABLE CRIMINALCriminal offenders are not necessarily asocialin fact criminals may be
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