CRIM 210 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Juvenile Delinquency, Populism, Penetanguishene

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Chapter 1 The Rise and Fall of Delinquency
Introduction
- Discusses 3 distinct periods of time
o The Pre-confederation period where children and youth were treated the same
as adults
o The Victorian Period where the behaviour and well being of children and youth
became the subject of concern
o The Post Victorian Period where youthful offenders were separated by adults in
an attempt to prevent them from developing a criminal lifestyle
- Youth crime has always been a part of Canadian Society but not always a public issue.
The Public Issue
- Youth crime has been the subject of considerable public concern and discourse for 2
decades.
- In Canada headlines warned Canadians of the issues and concers ’s
- Ed of ’s headlies ega fuellig puli oers aout horrifi eets iolig
girls.
- 21st century brought school violence in relation to youth behaviour.
Media and the Politics of Youth Crime
- Crie is Nes – the news devotes a lot of space to youth crime
- However, when studying politics of youth crime, we understand that adult crimes
surpass youth crime in severity and quantity.
- Criminal Activity becomes the prime focus of stories involving youths
- Youth crime has been decreasing.
- Voicing concerns about the youth justice system, ultimately had a consensus about how
youth justie uder the Youg Offeders At as a slap o the rist.
- Politicians took this into account and presented youth crime as a major election issue.
- Wanted someone to review the YOA and review the Juvenile Justice System
- 2001 YCJA (youth criminal justice act) Bill C-3, was to replace YOA
- This did nothing to curb the crime and the media began focusing on it more
- Ne to the list as sarig group atiities)
- Joyriding became the focus and was seen as a threat to public safety
Two Opposing Sides
- Liberal Government wanted a Strategy of Reform for the entire youth justice system
- This resulted in public forums were held in various communities to discuss the youth
crime
- Youth Advocates were primarily interested in the problems of young people rather than
youth crime
o They knew that youth crime was misrepresented and exaggerated in most public
accounts.
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o These people wanted polices that would address poverty and high youth
employment rather than focusing on punitive justice reforms.
- La ad Order group ieed hildre ad youth as eey’s that adults eeded
protection from.
o Included i this group ere old uffalo polie offiers store seurity ad sall
business owners)
o Youth were the problem b/c
1) lack respect, reflected in the foul language
2) Lack sense of responsibility for criminal behaviour.
3) Be involved in violent criminal behaviour
o YOA was viewed as a problem b/c
1) Youth could be be identified
2) Youth were not punished for their crimes
3) Youth had more rights than their victims
4) Youth were too protected by the YOA
o They found statistics and stories that portrayed young offenders as remorseless
ad lakig feelig superpredator
o Adoate get tough approah
- 10 years later people came together to question the YCJA; after a teen had died in a car
chase. The McEvoy family was interested in 3 things (nunn inquiry)
o the systemic and individual failures leading to the release of the youth two days
prior to Theresa MEoy’s death
o the extent to which YCJA provisions contributed to the release of the youth
o the role of service providers in responding to at risk youth both before and after
a youth’s riial atiity
- law and order perspective joyriding was problematized
- They said car theft was out of control and no one is getting punished blamed the system
- Law and order perspective outweighed the youth advocate perspective
o THE REPORT READ spirallig out of otrol: lessos leared fro a oy i
troule
- LEARN CASE STUDY 1.1
The Good Old Days
- People think that youth crime was less back in the old days, hoeer, that’s ot the
case. Most of the youth were involved in petty property crime.
- 1993 brutal murder of 2-year-old james bulger by two 10 year olds
- (back in the day) European settlement, crime info was recorded in reports of colonial
administrators
- Kingston Penitentiary first Canadian prison
- These people were more interested in the justice system than the actual behaviour of
children and youth
Lawless and Disobedient Youth: the 17th and 18th centuries
- The desried oys i Frae as laless ad disoediet ad girls as ai ad lazy
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Document Summary

Chapter 1 the rise and fall of delinquency. Youth crime has always been a part of canadian society but not always a public issue. Youth crime has been the subject of considerable public concern and discourse for 2 decades. In canada headlines warned canadians of the issues and concer(cid:374)s (cid:894)(cid:1005)(cid:1013)(cid:1013)(cid:1004)"s(cid:895) E(cid:374)d of (cid:1005)(cid:1013)(cid:1013)(cid:1004)"s headli(cid:374)es (cid:271)ega(cid:374) fuelli(cid:374)g pu(cid:271)li(cid:272) (cid:272)o(cid:374)(cid:272)er(cid:374)s a(cid:271)out horrifi(cid:272) e(cid:448)e(cid:374)ts i(cid:374)(cid:448)ol(cid:448)i(cid:374)g girls. 21st century brought school violence in relation to youth behaviour. Media and the politics of youth crime (cid:862)cri(cid:373)e is ne(cid:449)s(cid:863) the news devotes a lot of space to youth crime. However, when studying politics of youth crime, we understand that adult crimes surpass youth crime in severity and quantity. Criminal activity becomes the prime focus of stories involving youths. Voicing concerns about the youth justice system, ultimately had a consensus about how youth justi(cid:272)e u(cid:374)der the you(cid:374)g offe(cid:374)ders a(cid:272)t (cid:449)as a (cid:862)slap o(cid:374) the (cid:449)rist. (cid:863)

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