Textbook Notes (363,132)
Canada (158,212)
Criminology (610)
CRIM 210 (37)
Chapter 1

Crim 210 Chapter 1.pdf

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Simon Fraser University
CRIM 210
David Mac Alister

Chapter 1The Rise and Fall of DelinquencyIntroductionpublic issuesmatters of public concern that are debated in variety of forums and usually involve demands for action3 distinct periods in history discussed preconfederation period children youth were treated same as adults the Victorian period behaviour and ell being of children became subject of concern and postvictorian period youthful offenders separated from adults in attempt to prevent them from developing criminal lifestyleThe Public Issuediscoursehow thinks are talked aboutunderstood both orally and in written form including formal talk such as theory ex professional talk reports books media conversation etcover last two decades youth crime was subject of considerable public concern and discourseend of 1900 newspapermagazine headlines were fuelling public concerns about violent events involving girls ex Police arrest members of girl gangex death of Reena Virk in Victoria 19971615 yo boy and girl convicted for 2nd murder and 6 teenage girls of 1416 also convicted for aggravating assault21st century school violenceall stories about beatings and killing in Canadian schoolsMedia and the Politics of Youth Crimecrime is newspolitics of youth crime amount of coverage devoted to youth crimeways which youth crime is understood talked about both formally and informally and the actionslawspolicies derived from this discourseyouth violence is disproportionate to amount of youth crime that involves violence rate of violent youth crime stable and is decreasing94youth crime articles about violent crime23 articles about youth were crime related and 52 about violent crimein reality only 18 of all youth crime was violentgeneral consensus that youth justice under YOA was slap on the wristpoliticians responded these concerns by presenting youth crime and YOA as major election issueYOA revised 3 timesjuvenile justice systemsystem of lawpoliciespractices designed under philosophy that childrenyouth due to age and maturity should not be subject to criminal law the same way as adultsYCJA Bill C3 replaced YOA in April 2003Federal parties in 1996 recommended tougher sentences and to review YOA in 2006 they recommended minimum age to be increased or diversion out of CJS legalization of marijuanastill being told youth violence is out of control roaming wild terrorizing our town etc that youth are carrying weaponsjoyriding driving fast reframed in media discourse as major threat to public safety causing property damage serious injuries and death and swarming gatheringslegislation is under attack in mediastill saying youth justice is a slap on the wrist that federal government is shortening sentence for young offenderstoo lenientTwo Opposing SidesLiberal Federal government 1995 YOA involved Strategy for Reforminvolved consultations w public and special interest groups to discuss and propose solutionsrecommendations about youth crimes to HoCissue whether YOA effectively controlled youth crimepublic divided into two camps Youth advovates and Halifax public forumYouth Advocates ex social workers lawyers etc saw childrenyouth as victims in need of protection and that neither youth nor YOA was problemissues were difficulties that youth encounteredeconomic social and political realities are source of hardship for youth and familyview that youth crime had been exaggerated and misrepresented
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