EDUC 323 Chapter Notes -Mary Cover Jones, Reciprocal Inhibition, Reinforcement
Educ 323 ch 8 (behaviorism) b. f. skinner: background, behavior therapy (bt) cluser of models and techniques involving several dif perspectives on human learning. Share commitment to scientific approach that"s concerned w/the application of principles broadly derived from psychological research (across experiemtnal, social, cognitive and developmental) Characterized by concern w/current causes of behaviour (not indiv history) Developed in rxn to psychoanalytic model, emphasized observable behaviours not internal events/client history. Modern approaches allow for cognitive/emotional factor influence. Children in institutions as last resort day care and looked at fears they had. Used conditioning to decrease fears, extinction of fear behaviour: second model of learning: operant model from thorndike w/cats (box, third model: bandura and observational learning (role of social evetns) Finding that participants could learn from observation and then perform, or refuse to perform it led to assumption taht learning store cognitively in some way.