Textbook Notes (369,067)
Canada (162,366)
ENV 319 (9)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1: Canada Needs Constitutional Environmental Rights

3 Pages
77 Views

Department
Environment
Course Code
ENV 319
Professor
David Boyd

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
ENV 319 Book Notes The Right to a Healthy Environment; Ch. 1 By: David Boyd CHAPTER 1 – CANADA NEEDS CONSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RIGHTS Stockholm Declaration in Sweden (1972) Principle 1: Man has the fundamental right to freedom, equality and adequate conditions of life, in an environment of a quality that permits a life of dignity and well-being, and he bears solemn responsibility to protect and improve the environment for present and future generations. Human Rights – intended to recognize our most cherished values and express our moral identity as people (p. 1-2) Three Defining Characteristics: 1. Universal – held by all persons 2. Moral – existing whether or not a particular nation, government, or legal system recognizes it 3. Essential – ensuring the dignity and quality of life of all human beings All humans depend on healthy ecosystems for life, health, and well-being. As of 2012, at least 92% of the world’s countries (177 out of 193) recognize the right to a healthy environment - Recognized through constitutions, laws, court decisions, or international treaties and declarations (p. 2) Government of Canada does not recognize Canadians right to clean water, clean air, and a healthy environment. (p. 3) Five reasons why the right to a healthy environment should be recognized: (p. 4) I. Environmental protection has evolved into a fundamental value held by the overwhelming majority of Canadians o 9 out of 10 Canadians worry about the impacts of environmental degradation on their health and the health of their children and grandchildren (p. 5) o 9 out of 10 Canadians are concerned about climate change, the loss of biodiversity, and pollution o 9 out of 10 Canadians believe that sustainability should be a national priority o 8 out of 10 Canadians think we need stricter laws and regulations to protect the environment o 95% of Canadians think that access to clean water is a basic human right o World Values Survey – Canadians favor environmental protection over economic growth and job creation o 85% of Canadians participate regularly in nature-related activities II. There is an urgent need to improve Canada’s poor environmental performance and preserve this country’s magnificent landscapes, natural wealth, and biodiversity o Organization for Economic Cooperation (OECD) – Canada ranks 24 out of 25 countries on environmental performance  Criticisms of Canada’s weak laws and policies, perverse subsidies for unsustainable industries th o Conference Board of Canada – ranked Canada 15 out of 17 countries on environmental performance o Myth of trade-off between strong envir
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit