HSCI 307 Chapter Notes -Nonprobability Sampling, Third Order, Mastectomy

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Published on 1 Apr 2014
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Lecture 12 textbook and class notes
Qualitative methods: Meant to supplement, complement or replace quantitative data.
Emphasis is placed on the meaning, context, experiences and viewpoints from individuals. Data
is interpretive, not numerical.
Inquiry process of understanding based on distinct methodological traditions of inquiry
that explore a special or human problem. Researcher builds complex holistic pictures
and conducts study in natural setting
When to use it: If the topic needs to be explored deeply. Also, look to how your research
question is being asked (ie. hows and whys). Researcher must also have time and resources
necessary to conduct the study
Ex: how do breast cancer survivors adapt to their post mastectomy body? Why do
parents worry so much about their children’s temperature
Field research: ethnography- approach to qual research. Researchers directly observe and
participate in natural social settings. Usually conducted in small groups. Need to start with a
loosely formulated idea, then look for study group/site, and finally form detailed daily notes for
data over months/yrs.
Choose a field site that is contained, suitable for observation, and lots of data available.
3 levels of involvement from the researcher: complete observer > researcher participant
> complete participant
Historical-comparative research: examine data on events/conditions in the past or across
different cultures. Can focus on one or several time periods/cultures. Combines theory w/data
collection. Mix of evidence.
Design issues:
oGrounded Theory- Theory is built from the data, and allows for data to interact
with the theory
oContext- Researcher determines the sequence of events or focus of the study.
Same events can have diff meanings @ diff times and cultural contexts.
oBricolage- Drawing on a range of different materials and using them creatively to
fill in knowledge gaps. Requires a deep understanding of the materials
oCase and Process- Cases are at the centre of the study, not variables. Process
also requires time so researcher can determine causality relations.
oInterpretation- Must interpret findings. 3 levels of interpretation: First order
interpretation (from POV of people being studied); Second order interpretation
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Document Summary

Qualitative methods: meant to supplement, complement or replace quantitative data. Emphasis is placed on the meaning, context, experiences and viewpoints from individuals. Inquiry process of understanding based on distinct methodological traditions of inquiry that explore a special or human problem. Researcher builds complex holistic pictures and conducts study in natural setting. When to use it: if the topic needs to be explored deeply. Also, look to how your research question is being asked (ie. hows and whys). Why do parents worry so much about their children"s temperature. Researchers directly observe and participate in natural social settings. Need to start with a loosely formulated idea, then look for study group/site, and finally form detailed daily notes for data over months/yrs: choose a field site that is contained, suitable for observation, and lots of data available. 3 levels of involvement from the researcher: complete observer > researcher participant. Historical-comparative research: examine data on events/conditions in the past or across different cultures.

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