Two important factors that limit the legislature is the executive dominance and party discipline.
• A Majority government will have the legislature strongly influenced by the executive.
• A minority government has no single party as a majority, but only 1 in the cabinet. Which
means the ruling party must negotiate with others to pass legislation.
• A coalition government invoves 2 or more parties in the cabinet that together make a
In a classic parliamentary government model, the legislature is supposed to take an
independent stance in assessing the government’s legislative proposals and activities. However
few modern legislatures do. Modern party discipline means that the cabinet is usually in direct
control of the legislative majority.
The delegate view is when legislators only act in the views and wishes of those they represent.
The trustee model is when the representative should listen to the concerns and desires of
those they represent. Then use their own judgment in balancing the needs of their own
constituency. I will mention the “microcosm of society” which is the notion that this is how
legislatures should work not just representing but mirroring the