Authoritarian regimes like military governments or dynastic regimes do not allow parties at all.
• 8 functions political parties can fulfil
o Aggregation and articulation of interests
Opportunity for like minded people to combine. Parties consolidate
opinions into a single official policy.
o Political Participation
Opportunity for people can get involved in the political process. This can
encourage the “civic culture” that democracy needs to thrive.
o Recruitment of new political office holders
People who aspire to public office can join parties to gain connections and
Channel of information between political leaders and the population
o Political socialization
Through activities organized by parties. Some parties even own news
o Simplification of choices for the electorate
Easier for voters to make decisions. Voters make their decisions based
on parties instead of individual candidates.
FUNCTIONS IN AN AUTHORIAN REGIME
o Administrative support for government
Party can oversee work of beaurocarts, army, police, etc. The task of
party units is to ensure that the state officials are carrying out orders,
o Surveillance and intelligence
Spying on the populace Modern political parties are failing to perform properly as they drift toward elite-driven
Interest groups are not part of the formal constitutional institutions of government they hope to
influence government decisions without seeking political office. They also hope to influence
public’s demands for public policies. Not all of them are full time interest groups, sometimes
they’re unions that do it part time.
• Roles interest groups can play
o To influence specific g