Textbook Notes (270,000)
CA (160,000)
SFU (5,000)
PSYC (1,000)
PSYC 100 (100)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 100
Professor
Russell Day
Chapter
1

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
PSYC 100 – THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY
1
Psychology: The scientific study of behavior and the mind
Basic Research: The quest for knowledge purely for its own sake
Applied Research: To solve specific, practical problems
Central Goals of Psychology: Describe, Understand, Predict, Influence, Apply
Levels of Analysis: Frame-work for actions and thoughts for examination
Biological Level, Psychological Level, Environmental Level
The Types of Psychologies
Mind-Body Dualism: The belief that the mind is a spiritual entity not subject to
physical laws that govern the body Rene Descartez
Monism: The belief that the mind and body is one entity Thomas Hobbes
British Empiricism: All ideas and knowledge are gained through the senses John
Locke
- Tabula rasa: Everyone starts off as a blank sheet, then is shaped by environment
Structuralism: The analysis of the mind in terms of its basic elements Wundt &
Titchener
Functionalism: Psychology which studies the functions of consciousness rather
than its structure (mental processes and behavior) William James
Psychodynamic Perspective: Searches for causes of behavior within the inner
workings of our personality (our unique pattern of traits, emotions and motives),
emphasizing the role of unconscious processes Sigmund Freud
Psychoanalysis: The analysis of internal and primarily unconscious psychological
forces
Defense Mechanisms: Psychological techniques that help us cope with anxiety and
the pain of traumatic experiences; Repression
Object Relations Theories: How early experiences with caregivers shape the views
that people form of themselves and others
Behavioral Perspective: Focuses on the role of the external environment in
governing our actions Watson
Behaviorism: School of thought that emphasizes environmental control of behavior
through learning
www.notesolution.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version