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PSYC 100 (176)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2

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PSYC 100
Russell Day

PSYC 100 STUDYING BEHAVIOR SCIENTIFICALLY 2 The scientific process is used to build theories Question Hypothesis Test Draw Conclusion Theory: Set of formal statements that explains how and why certain events are related to one another A good theory organizes information in a meaningful way, testable, supports the new research, law of parsimony: if two theories can explain and predict the same phenomenon equally well, the simpler theory is preferred Hindsight: Explanation after the event Variable: Any characteristic or factor that can vary Operational Definition: Defines a variable in terms of the specific procedures used to produce or measure it Translates variables from abstract terms to something observable and measurable Unobtrusive Measures: Gathering information in a way that keeps participants unaware that they are being watched Archival Measures: Gathering information from previous records and documents Informed Consent: Inform participants about the nature of the test Methods of Research Descriptive Research: To identify how humans and other animals behave Case Study: In-depth analysis of an individual, group or event Problems with Case Study: Generalizability of things Bad for determining cause-effect relations May be biased Naturalistic Observation: The researcher observes behavior as it occurs in a natural setting www.notesolution.com
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