Textbook Notes (270,000)
CA (160,000)
SFU (5,000)
PSYC (1,000)
PSYC 100 (100)
Chapter 6

PSYC 100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Tabula Rasa, Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning Chamber


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 100
Professor
Russell Day
Chapter
6

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 7 pages of the document.
PSYC 100 – LEARNING AND ADAPTION
6
Learning: Process by which experience chances an organisms behavior or
capabilities
ADAPTING TO THE ENVIRONMENT
Adaption through personal adaption and species adaption
Must learn:
Important survival events
What stimuli signal shows the occurance of the important event
If the event will produce positive or negative consequences
Two learning perspectives: behaviorism and ethology
Behaviorism: We all start off as a blank tablet, tabula rasa
Ethology: Focused learning through the adaption to the environment to
survive
Adaptive Significance: How a behavior influences an organisms chance
of survival and reproduction in its natural environment
Fixed Action Pattern: An unlearned, instinctive behaviour automatically triggered by
a particular stimulus
Habituation: Decrease in the strength of response to a repeated stimulus
CLASSICAL CONDITIONING
Classical Conditioning (Pavlovian): Organism learns to associate two stimuli, such
that one stimulus comes to elicit a response which was only by the other stimulus
(song and happiness, now the song brings a happy response)
Acquisition: Period during which a response is being learned
Neutral Stimulus: Stimulus does not associate with anything specific
Reflexive: The reflex action by natural conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus: A stimulus that elicits a reflexive response
without prior learning
www.notesolution.com

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Psyc 100 Chapter 1
Unconditioned Response: A reflexive response elicited by a stimulus
without prior learning
Learning Trial: Pairing two stimulus for acquisition
Conditioned Stimulus: Conditioned Stimulus that gives a specific conditioned
response
Conditioned Response: A response elicited by a conditioned stimulus
One-Trial Learning: Learning a Conditioned Stimulus after one intense
Unconditioned Stimulus
Learning is quickest by forward short-delay pairing, CS (tone) sounds and continues
even when the UCS (food) appears
(at least 2 or 3 seconds before UCS)
Forward Trace Learning Pairing: tone sounds then stops, then food is presented
(at least 2 or 3 seconds before UCS)
Simultaneous Pairing: CS and UCS at the same time, slower learning
Backward Pairing: CS is presented after UCS, slowest
www.notesolution.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version