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Chapter 11

PSYC 102 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Twin, Theory Of Multiple Intelligences, Cultural Intelligence


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 102
Professor
A.George Alder
Chapter
11

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1. Achievement
Tests
Designed to assess what you have
learned
2. Alfred Binet Developed questions that predicted
children's capabilities in the school
system and mental age (average age
your intelligence corresponds to)
3. Aptitude Tests Designed to predict what you can learn
4. Content Validity The extent to which a test samples
behaviour that is of interest (driving test)
5. Creativity The ability to produce novel and
valuable ideas, somewhat correlates with
intelligence
- Correlates with expertise, imaginative
thinking skills, a venturesome personality,
intrinsic motivation and the support
offered by a creative environment
- Different brain areas are active for
convergent thinking (one solution) and
divergent thinking (multiple solutions)
6. Describe ethnic
similarities and
differences in
intelligence test
scores
White Americans tend to score higher
than Hispanic and African-Americans,
however, this gap has dropped recently
among children due to the loss of
environmental differneces
7. Describe gender
differences in
abilities
- Girls are better spellers, more verbally
fluent, more sensitive to touch, taste, and
colour, math computation, emotion
detecting
- Boys are better at math problem
solving (word problems)
8. Describe the
distribution of
scores in a
normal curve
- The distribution of many physical and
psychological attributes forms a normal
curve (bell-shaped curve)- most scores
cluster around the average, and few go
above/below
9. Describe the
stability of
intelligence
scores over the
life span
- The stability of intelligence scores
increase with age
- By age 4, scores fluctuate somewhat
but begin to predict adolescent and
adult scores
- At age 7, scores become fairly stable
and consistent
10. Discuss the
evidence for
environemental
influences on
individual
intelligence
- Fraternal twins raised together are
more similar than other siblings
- Scores of identical twins raised apart
are less similar
- Children reared in extremely
impoverished, enriched, or culturally
different environments indicate that their
life experiences significantly influence
intelligence test performance
11. Down
Syndrome
A condition of retardation and associated
physical disorders caused by an extra
chromosome in one's genetic makeup
12. Emotional
Intelligence
The ability to perceive, understand, manage
and use emotions
13. Factor
Analysis
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters
of related items (called factors) on a test, used
to identify different dimensions of
performance that underly one's total score
14. *Flynn
Effect
The average intelligence score has gone up
27 points
15. Gardner's
Theory of
Multiple
Intelligences
Our abilities are classified into 8 independent
Intelligences (includes a broad range beyond
traditional school smarts):
1. Linguistic (words)
2. Logical Mathematical (numbers)
3. Musical
4. Spatial
5. Bodily-kinesthetic
6. Intrapersonal (self)
7. Interpersonal (people)
8. Natural (nature)
16. General
Intelligence
(g)
A general intelligence factor that according to
Spearman and others, underlies specific
mental abilities and is therefore measured by
every task on an intelligence test
- Has shown that mental abilities tend to form
in clusters, and people tend to show the same
level of competence of all abilities in the
cluster (g)
17. "Gifted
People"
tend to be healthy, well-adjusted, and
unusually successful academically
18. How are
intelligence
tests
biased?
- Bias in psychology commonly means that a
biased tests predicts less accurately for one
group than another
- Aptitude tests predict how well a test-taker
will perform in a given situation, so they are
biased as this may depend on cultural
experiences
19. Intelligence Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn
from experience, solve problems, and use
knowledge to adapt to new situations
20. Intelligence
Test
A method for assessing and individual's mental
aptitudes and comparing them with those of
others, using numerical scores
- IQ= Intelligence test scores
- However, it was sometimes used to
document the intelligence of ethnic and
immigrant groups
AP Psychology Chapter 11
Study online at quizlet.com/_25bbn9
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