Textbook Notes (368,122)
Canada (161,660)
Psychology (934)
PSYC 102 (121)
Chapter 12


3 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 102
Russell Day

PSYCHOLOGY KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS – CHAPTER 12  Accommodation: the process by which new experiences cause existing schemas to change  Adolescence: the period of development and gradual transition between childhood and adulthood  Adolescent egocentrism: highly self-focused thinking, particularly in the earlier teenage years  Assimilation: in cognitive development, the process by which new experiences are incorporated into existing schemas  Attachment: the strong emotional bond that develops between children and their primary caregivers  Auditory habituation procedure: type of study in which the same sound stimulus is presented repeatedly until infant looking time declines  Authoritarian parents: caregivers who exert control over their children but do so within a cold, responsive, or rejecting relationship  Authoritative parents: caregivers who are controlling but warm; they establish and enforce clear rules within a caring, supportive atmosphere  Cephalocaudal principle: the tendency for physical development to proceed in a head to food direction  Concrete operational stage: in Piaget’s theory, the stage of cognitive development during which children can perform basic mental operations concerning problems that involve tangible objects and situations  Conservation: the principle that basic properties of objects, such as their mass or quantity, stay the same (are ‘conserved’) even though their outward appearance may change  Conventional moral reasoning: moral judgements that are based on conformity to social expectations, laws, and duties  Critical period: a time period in which exposure to particular kinds of stimulation (ex. perceptual) is required for normal development to occur  Cross-sectional design: a research design that simultaneously compares people of different ages at a particular point in time  Egocentrism: difficulty in viewing the world from someone else’s perspective  Embryo: scientific term for the prenatal organism during the second week through the eighth week after conception  Emotional regulation: the processes by which we evaluate and modify our emotional reactions  Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS): a severe group of abnormalities that result from prenatal exposure to alcohol  Fetus: the scientific term for the prenatal organism from the ninth week after conception until birth  Formal operational stage: in Piaget’s theory, a period in which individuals are able to think logically and systematically about both concrete and abstract problems, form hypotheses, and test them in a thoughtful way  Gender constancy: the understanding that being male or female is a permanent part of a person  Gender identity: the sense of ‘femaleness’ or ‘maleness’ that is an integral part of our identity  Imprinting: in some species, a sudden, biologically primed form of attachment  Indulgent parents: caregivers who have warm and caring relationships with their children but do not provide much guidance and discipline  Longitudinal design: research that repeatedly tests the same cohort as it grows older  Maturation: a genetically programmed, biological process that governs our growth  Neglectful parents: care
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 102

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.