PSYC 102 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Psychoanalysis, Interpersonal Psychotherapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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Chapter 16 Study Guide
Treatment of Psychological Disorders
Psychology 102
~46.4% of people in the US population suffer from a mental illness in their lifetime.
Why people fail to seek treatment:
1. People may not realize that they have a mental illness that can be effectively
- 45% don’t seek treatment because they don't think they need to be treated
2. There may be barriers to treatment, such as beliefs and circumstances that
keep people from getting help:
-e.g., treatment is ineffective
-not serious enough to get help
-They should be able to handle things themselves
3. Structural barriers prevent people from getting to treatment:
-Trouble finding the right therapist/psychologists
-Transportation to the clinic
-Lack of availability
Psychological Treatment: people interact with a clinician in order to use the
environment to change their brain and behaviour.
Biological Treatment: The brain is treated with drugs, surgery, or some other
direct intervention.
Psychological Treatment:
Psychotherapy: is an interaction between a socially sanctioned clinician and
someone suffering from a psychological problem, with the goal of providing
support or relief for the problem. (over 500 forms of psychotherapy exist)
1/3 (36%) of psychotherapists report using eclectic psychotherapy: a technique
that involves drawing on techniques from different forms of therapy, depending
on the client and the problem.
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