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PSYC 106 (4)


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PSYC 106

Defining emotions essential feature: love is more like happiness than like anger • multidimensional scaling o used to generate a map of our emotional landscape o eg small distances to emotions that feel similar and vice versa Definition of emotion • must include two things o 1) Valence: are they good or bad? o 2) bodily arousal (physiological activity): low arousal or high arousal? o It is a positive or negative experience that is associated with a particular pattern of physiological activity james lange theory 1. unique pattern of physiological responses causes 2. each unique emotional experience 1. emotional experience is the consequence not the cause of our physiological reactions to the world 2. bear->stimulus 3. triggers activity in autonomic nervous system, heart beats faster 4. produces emotional response in brain -->fear and vice versa 1. right- patterns of physiologic responses not the same for all emotions Cannon bard theory 1. pattern of physiological responses and 2) emotional experience in brain 2. Happens at the SAME TIME 1. bear stimulus independently simultaneously triggers 2. activity in the autonomic nervous system eg heart beats faster 3. emotional experience in the brain 1. right- people not perfectly sensitive to PR thus make inferences schater/singer two factor theory 1. physiological arousal undifferentiated 2. interpretations of the causes of physiological arousal cognition 3. emotion 4. emotions are inferences about the causes of physiological arousal 2 factor theory 1. right- people make interpretations about the causes of arousal 1. interpretations influence emotional experiences 2. wrong- all emotional experiences are interpretations of the same bodily state polygraph: measures physiological responses relate STRESS error rate: 10,000 people, 10 terrorists = it would “catch” 1,598 innocent people insensitive= 39 people and out of that, 2 terrorists james= physiological causes emotional experience canon= physiological and emotion happens at the same time 2factor= main difference is cognition schater= physiological plus cognitive interpretations =emotion ** fight or flight definition: “an emotional and p
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