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Canada (158,195)
Psychology (900)
PSYC 221 (62)
Chapter 12

Chapter 12 Vocab

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Simon Fraser University
PSYC 221
Thomas Spalek

Chapter 12 Vocabulary 1 Basics of Problem Solving 524 Problem Solving Characteristics of problem solving 524 A vocabulary of problem solving 525 Gestalt Psychology & Problem Solving 507 Means-end analysis: A Fundamental Early gestalt research 508 Heuristic 531 Difficulties in problem solving 509 The basics of means-end analysis 532 The Tower of Hanoi 532 Insight & Analogy 513 General problem solver 536 Insight 513 Adaptive control of thought 538 Analogy 517 Cognitive neuroscience of analogy& insight 521 Improving your problem solving 540 Verbal protocol 507 – in studies, a word-for-word transcription of what the subject said aloud during the problem-solving attempt Gestalt 508 –a German term adopted into psychological terminology referring to an entire pattern, form, or configuration. The term always carries the connotation that decomposing a pattern into its components in some way loses the essential wholeness of the cohesive pattern. Functional fixedness 510 – in problem solving, an inability to think of or consider any but the customary uses for objects and tools Negative set 511 – a tendency to become accustomed to a single approach or way of thinking about a problem, making it difficult to recognize or generate alternative approaches Insight 514 – said to be an essential step in creativity and problem solving, though little if any research supports this notion empirically Analogy 518 – a relationship between 2 similar systems, problems, and so on; a heuristic in which a problem is solved by finding an analogy to a similar problem Goal 525 – in problem solving, the end point or solution to the problem, the ending state toward which the problem-solving attempt i
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