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PSYC 260 (45)
Lara Aknin (16)
Chapter 5

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PSYC 260
Lara Aknin

CHAPTER 5 - SELF-KNOWLEDGE Self  (William James); composed of one’s thoughts and beliefs about oneself; the “known” or the “me”  The active processor of information; the “knower” or the "I”  Serves as an executive function, regulating people’s behavior, choices, and plans for the future Self-concept  The “known” aspect of the self  The contents of the self, our knowledge about who we are Self-awareness  The “knower” aspect of the self  The act of thinking about ourselves Thought  Pushing thoughts out of our minds suppression Self-regulatory  Self-control is a limited resource, like a muscle, that gets tired with frequent use resource model but then rebounds in strength  People have limited amount of energy to devote to self-control and that spending it on one task limits the amount that can be spent on another task Self-schemas  An organized body of knowledge about ourselves – our attitudes, our likes and dislikes, our personality traits – that influences what people notice, think about, and remember about themselves Self-reference effect  The tendency for people to remember information better if they relate it to themselves  Our desire to see ourselves in a positive light can influence which of our past actions we are most likely to remember Self-concept clarity  The extent to which knowledge about the self is stable and clearly and consistently defined  Those who are low in self-concept tend to have low self-esteem, depression- prone, and are more neurotic and less aware of their internal states; they tend to engage in chronic self-analysis and rumination Independent view of  Defining oneself in terms of one’s own internal thoughts, feelings and actions, and the self not in terms of the thoughts, feelings, and actions of other people Interdependent  Defining oneself in terms of one’s relationships to other people; recognizing that view of the self one’s behavior is often determined by the thoughts, feelings, and actions of others Relational  Focused more on close relationships (eg. Feelings about partner, friends family) interdependence  Common in women Collective  Tendency to define oneself in terms of social groups (eg. Sports team) interdependence  Common in men in individualist culture Introspection  The process whereby people look inward and examine their own thoughts, feelings and motives Self-awareness  The idea that when people focus their attention on themselves, hey evaluate and theory compare their behavior with their internal standards and values Casual theories  Theories about the causes of one’s own feelings and behaviors; typically, we learn such theo
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